Stress and the Biomedical Theory

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Scientific discovery and research has always been an important part of modern culture. Science equates with knowledge, and, therefore, solutions to our questions. In the 19th and 20th century much scientific advancement occurred, physics was born. Newton showed us that the complex world was easily explained as it followed a few simple, predictable rules.


It splits the 'outer' world (objective and amenable to rigorous research) and the "inner" world (subjective, marginally accessible, and scientifically unreliable)" (Cohen, 1998).
In keeping with the thinking of that time, if something as complex as the nature of matter could be explained with such rigorous predictability and using Descartes' theory as its fundamental building block, the Biomedical Theory was born. This theory, in simple terms, implies that the body is a physical form totally separate from any psychological aspects. As such just as matter can be explained through research and testing so can the mechanics of the human body. Further disease and illness are outside forces that act upon the body, attacking from outside. The symptoms they produce can be analyzed and diagnosed and then treated. With further scientific advances such as the work of Pasteur and others, the grounding in scientific research was cemented.
"The biomedical model provides a clearly articulated scientific framework for understanding the disease process and mechanisms of remedy, and it excels at treating infectious diseases and acute or traumatic injuries" (Cohen, 1998). A patient visits his doctor because of the appearance of a symptom over which he has no control. Through examination and testing, the doctor, the expert, makes a diagnosis. ...
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