This research is based upon the manuscript available to selected persons (e.g., social work doctoral program directors, members of various social work Internet Listservs, etc.), and in due course it appeared in the conference proceedingsThis advocacy and representation against domestic violence presented it at two international and one national level and, based on these distribution efforts and feedback, revised it. It was seriously reviewed and turned down.It responded to the reviewers' lengthy suggestions and submitted an amendment which was ultimately established for publication. No doubt it based on the development of social work practice guidelines.Social work education and practice should focus on the latter. This may, or may not, involve theoretically driven research. If theory is legitimately involved, it is great. If it is not, then doctoral students and other researchers should not be forced into pretending that it does. Both approaches are characteristic of science. Both have value. At present, theory-driven research exercises are much more highly valued within academic social work than are theoretical studies evaluating outcomes ."A continuum of behaviour ranging from verbal abuse, physical, and sexual assault, to rape and even homicide.The vast majority of such violence, and the most severe and chronic incidents, are perpetrated by men against women and their children." (Department of Health, 2000a: v)
As the term 'domestic violence' comprise violence and abuse inside same-sex relationships, violence by women against men and violence and abuse carry out by one family member against another, the spotlight of this research is on violence and abuse by men, against women. It seeks to discover the diversity of factors that collectively build an ever-increasing and severe healthcare necessitate for those being abused inside their intimate relationships.
Intimate violence may take many forms, often combining physical, emotional, psychological, sexual and financial abuse. The degree of abuse and violence varies within each partnership, often occurring on a continuum of severity and effect. For some the abuse and violence are periodic with minimal long-term effects. However, countless women are so controlled and inhibited that they are unable to make even the simplest decision or act without permission, responding with complete obedience to every order given and every rule imposed. The violence becomes insidious, permeating every action, every thought and deed until eventually, for some women, suicide remains the only escape. Other women express their self-disgust and powerlessness through alcohol or drug abuse, or self-mutilation, exhibiting signs of severe depression and total dependency on the abuser. Intimate partners may demand and achieve, through physical and emotional violence, complete obedience to every order, using humiliation as an important strategy in obedience training in their women (Barker, R. L. 1995).
If we analyse then we come to know that the domestic violence fuels lots of the nation's bitterly contested throughway care cases. It is an underlying issue in the majority parental abduction cases, which happen at an estimated rate of 203,900 per year. In spite of the role of domestic abuse in throughway care cases, in the past, legislators endorse jurisdictional laws to stop forum-shopping and parental abduction