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Law in its draft form is known as bill and can be introduce to the house by a member of parliament but it's commonly introduced by a minister of the crown. A bill introduced to the house by member is referred to as a private member bill but when introduced by a minister of the crown it is referred to as a government bill.
Private bills make up majority of the bills but are rarely passed compared to government bills and there are three ways to introduce a private member bill to the house. The first is where member put names in a ballot once per session and the ones who are chosen are given time to introduce the bill it is referred to as the private members ballot. The second is the Ten Minute rule where members are given ten minutes to outline the proposed new piece of legislation. The third is where standing order 57 where a bill is introduced without debate prior to a one day notice to the table notice (Craig, 2007).
A bill goes through several stages before it becomes law; the first stage which is a formality is called the first reading. The second reading is where it is debated and may be voted in or voted out. The committee evaluates the bill clause by clause where further consideration comes. The speaker then decides on which amendments are to be debated. After the house has considered he bill the passage of motion follows and no further amendments are made this is where the third reading comes into play. The bill is read to the house for the third time and it must now be voted by the House of Lords, passage of the bill to one house it is taken to the other house. ...
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