Private bills make up majority of the bills but are rarely passed compared to government bills and there are three ways to introduce a private member bill to the house. The first is where member put names in a ballot once per session and the ones who are chosen are given time to introduce the bill it is referred to as the private members ballot. The second is the Ten Minute rule where members are given ten minutes to outline the proposed new piece of legislation. The third is where standing order 57 where a bill is introduced without debate prior to a one day notice to the table notice (Craig, 2007).
A bill goes through several stages before it becomes law; the first stage which is a formality is called the first reading. The second reading is where it is debated and may be voted in or voted out. The committee evaluates the bill clause by clause where further consideration comes. The speaker then decides on which amendments are to be debated. After the house has considered he bill the passage of motion follows and no further amendments are made this is where the third reading comes into play. The bill is read to the house for the third time and it must now be voted by the House of Lords, passage of the bill to one house it is taken to the other house. If the bill is passed by the two houses in similar form it's then taken for the sovereign assent .The final stage is where the royal gives the assent and the bill becomes law.
(b) Briefly explain how delegated legislation is created.
Delegated legislation refers to la w that is not passed through the act of parliament. The empowering act gives a minister delegated power to pass a law. Delegated law is usually made through signing by the minister or a senior member of the civil service who creates it though in some cases verbal assent from the queen is important. Most of the delegated legislation is created using statutory instrument where it is catalogued and printed through the queen's printer for the public.
c) Explain statutory legislation,
Statutory is written law usually spelt out by the government or the legislature. The law seeks to clarify such matters as government functions, orders among other codified functions .The law is usually passed by the Nation or the legislature.
d) What is the system of precedent
These are principles by the collective body of judiciary that a court should put into consideration when interpreting the law. When an important legal principle comes into place then it s often referred to as landmark decision.
Explain the three major types of law that originate from the European Union.
Among the laws in the European unions is the treaty establishing a constitution for Europe which is a law that provides for creation of a European Union constitution. The law provides procedures and ways in which this constitution can make amended, enacted among others.
The European Union also established a common market through standardisation of laws that govern the markets. This includes movement of goods and services from one European country to another, movement of people, taxation system among others. This type of law enables harmonisation of trade in the European Union countries (Craig, 2007).
The law on legislation laws are also a type of laws existing in the