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The success of the organisation of the legal profession in England can be attributed to the function of the growing complexity of modern life and growth in the perceived need for barristers, solicitors and judges. The legal field has positions, stakes, capitals, and shared predispositions…
At the risk of gross oversimplification, one can identify the following strategic positions:
(A) Practitioners: In this position are all the people who provide services to individuals and institutions who must orient their behaviour toward the law, providing information about the likely outcome of relationships, deals and conflicts that are legally regulated.
(B) Law Appliers: These are the positions officially consecrated for making authoritative interpretations of legal norms in concrete situations. It includes not only judges but also arbitrators and administrative officials, among others.
(D) Educators: Someone has to socialize entrants, bind the field together and encode its structural constraints. While primary socialization is the responsibility of the schools in almost all legal fields, socialization is a continuing process and workplace influences are often as important as educational ones.
(E) Moral Regulators: Legal professions all have systems that police behaviour and ensure conformity of actors: These include formal mechanisms like accrediting bodies, disciplinary boards, promulgators of legal ethics; as well as workplace influences, informal social networks and the like.
(ii) Stakes. ...
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