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Immigration that is the physical movement of people from the place of their origin to a foreign territory has existed throughout human history. But with developments of man the norms and principles governing immigration and other related issues have also been subjected to a long period of transition.
A meeting of the member states was thus held at Geneva on the 28th of June 1951 and is popularly regarded as the Geneva Convention. This summit initially constrained the scope to shielding European refugees in the aftermath of World War II but a 1967 Protocol detached the conditions of geographical and time restrictions, escalating the Convention's objectives. Article 1 of the Convention as modified by the 1967 Protocol provides the definition of a refugee:
"A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events ,is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.."
The 'Geneva Convention' provided refuge to a millions of Refugees in the post world war period until the Cold War of the 1980's and it set the basis of immigration policies and laws in most of the countries. ...
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