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Building level principals' knowledge of special education law - Dissertation Example

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Author : fkris

Summary

The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the level of proficiency of building level administrators in Pennsylvania of special education laws and look at possible factors which facilitate or deter their decision making on special education issues by way of a mixed methods design…

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Building level principals' knowledge of special education law

From this research it is clear that historically, students with disabilities have not always been guaranteed access to education. The 19th century saw the beginnings of public support for free public education through the passing of compulsory laws on education which allowed representation of both genders, different ages, socio-economic status, and cultural background. One of the most popular legal battles fought for equality in education was Brown v. Board of Education (of Topeka) where Oliver Brown challenged and conquered racial segregations in American schools in 1954. Yet, until the middle of the 1970s, individuals with disabilities did not benefit from the so-called free education. In 1972, a court ruling in Parc v. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania had to decide that children suffering from mental retardation can not be denied access to a free and suitable public education. The landmark ruling also provided that exposure of students with disability in the mainstream is more desirable than restraining environments; and that students with disability can not be transferred to a different placement without due process. In 1975, the US Congress passed the law Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA) which buttressed the highlights of the Parc v. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The EHA (1975) is now known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The legislation mandated free and appropriate public education (FAPE) for youth with disabilities aged 5-21, where special education and related services will be provided by a public agency for free. ...
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