Such differences in composition of the population are often the driving forces behind occurrences of racially motivated violence and even societies with long histories of ethnic tolerance are not devoid of such vulnerability. Need reference(s) in this paragraph to support and give weight to these statements.
Thus, the onus of maintaining law and order in such an ethnically diverse group of communities lies on the governing bodies as well as the effectiveness of the criminal justice system. The minority groups are often the victims of racial violence and hence must be the basis of an impartial criminal justice system. The criminal justice system in the UK, as well as in all parts of the world, is based on the principle that all citizens be treated with equality by law and that all individuals irrespective of their class, gender or ethnicity be allowed equal access to justice. Need a reference to support this statement. However, contrary to this principle is the fact that members of the minority groups are often perceived as suspects, and perpetrators of crime and hence are victims of racial abuse. Reference? The brutal murder of a black teenager Stephen Lawrence, in south-east London, by a group of five white youths, on April 22, 1993, is undeniably the case of a murder motivated by institutional racism. This needs to be referenced (Hawkins, 2003, Pp. 155). Despite the presence of eyewitnesses who volunteered information about the attackers, none of them was ever convicted.