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Research Paper example - CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN ANICIENT TIMES
Pages 6 (1506 words)
It further explains that meaning of criminal justice underpinning its transformation and application from the olden times to present. It also underscores…
Extract of sample
Criminal justice sanctions those who break laws by applying criminal penalties and efforts of rehabilitation (Bauman, 2002). Those who are accused have protectors in opposition to abuse of investigation and powers of prosecution.
The recent criminal justice system has evolved since the olden times with new versions of penalties, added rights for offenders and victims, and various policing reforms. These reforms have subsequently reflected a change on political ideals, economic aspects and customs. In ancient times especially the middle ages, exile was a common form of criminal penalty. During the middle Ages, compensation to the victim or the victim’s family which is known as wergild was another form of punishment together with violent crimes (The justice cascade, 2011). This was appropriate for those who could not make their way out financially. Rash penalties included various forms of corporal punishment such as mutilation, flogging and branding.
A criminal justice system consist of three major sections namely, legislative (creates laws), adjudication (courts) and corrections such as jails, probation and prisons (Journal on Courts, law, and justice, 2011). In this system, these separate agencies operate both under the rule of law and this is the valid means of keeping the rule of law within the society.
Human rights as an aspect of history of criminal justice are considered to be an evolving aspect throughout human history. This is because they have been specifically tied to laws, customs and religions in the entire ages as from the ancient times (Journal of Forensic Social Work, 2011). One of the first codified rules of law that include references to personality rights is the code of Hammurabi.
In the olden times, it was a big crime to displease either the gods or the king. The king of Mesopotamia, Hammurabi who existed in 1795 to 1750 was ...
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