Theories on Crime Comparison - Research Paper Example
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This research paper discusses crime and criminal acts that both define crucial components of our societies nowadays. The researcher states that no society exists without any form of crime today. Crimes that transpire in various societies are of different magnitudes, causes and effects on the given society. However, any form of crime is detrimental to the given society and this explains the setting up of various institutions to eradicate this act. Crimes have seen immense loss innocent lives and destruction of property as well as wastage of national resources just in the hands of a few individuals. When people in the given society run away and detach from the labeled criminal, the victim will fall into psychological depression that will direct him/ her to commit heinous acts in bid to attract public attention and recognition. This research paper also describes as how to deal with crime and presents philosophers opinions, who came up with strategic modalities of studying various types of crimes, causes and ways of solving and handling the various forms of crimes. In that light, social psychologists have compressed expansive details entailing crime into comprehensive frames called theories. The researcher then focuses on discussing of various crime theories and uses real-life examples as on how to make them evident. Examples of the crime theories in action presented in this research paper include the developmental crime theory, labeling theory, strain theory, and rational choice theory among others.
Current research paper provides an explicit and comprehensive coverage of the various psychological theories attributed to criminal offenses and criminals. The researcherdeeple explores the topic and analyzes causes and effects of crime witnessed in the various affected societies…
Forensic psychologists work in cooperation with law enforcement officers, conduct research, counsel legislators concerning public policy, and function as expert witnesses, among other duties. They play a significant role in the society, particularly in issues concerning crime and delinquency.
The criminal tends to cause harm to the society in any way. It is something that is beyond the criminal’s individualistic self, and his/her act has social consequences. Contrary to a criminal, a drug abuser causes harm to nobody else but his/her own self.
A secondary crime scene is the place which in some way, be it shape or form, is related to the offense but is not the place where the offense occurred, such as the suspect’s getaway car and apartment (Castillo 10). According to the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the crime scene must be protected to minimize the risk of contamination and loss of evidence.
The theories are based on the premise that the physical attributes are passed from parents to the children making such children fall at the risk of committing crimes. Major theorists in this field studied the body organs of individuals relating the attributes of certain body organs to criminality.
Crimes have led to loss of lives and breaking of initially enjoyed relationships within the particular societies. In attempts to study, analyze and classify crimes, various philosophers have come up with integral theories to help understand causes, effects, and prevention of crimes with the societies.
There are many causes and effects of crime witnessed in the various affected societies. Most of the causes of crime are psychological in nature with effects detrimental to the affected individuals or societies. Current research provides an explicit and comprehensive coverage of the various psychological theories attributed to criminal offenses and criminals.
According to the report homicides are justifiable only when “the killing of a felon by a peace officer in the line of duty” and “the killing of a felon, during the commission of a felony, by a private citizen”. A number of theories have been developed by different scholars and theorists to explain the nature of crime.
There had been several studies on crime, criminality and the justice system. The effects of crime had been extensively analyzed and different policies on how to effectively address this issue had been and continuously being done. Crime, according to the study of Quinney (65), is considered to be a phenomenon derived from a dynamic class process and is not inherent in behavior but based on the judgments on the actions and characteristics of others in which such actions violate the values and norms of a certain society or organization.
Legally, governments label specific actions as criminal activities thus crime deepening on the harm they cause to the society. Such acts as murder, theft and rape are considered crimes all over the world (Marshall, 1998). The acts cause harm to the society and derail the appraisal of the morality in the society.