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Data Protection and Privacy - Essay Example

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People have really grown out of their freedom shell as human right propagators and enthusiasts have culminated for the right of a person to data protection and privacy. What is data protection? It is the area of the law that governs what may, and what may not, be done with confidential information obtained. Personal information is in various forms, it may be in electronic form such as the ones stored on a computer hard drive or in manual form or the written forms. Furthermore data protection law, coming from the word protect, sets out rules about the methods by which personal information may be obtained from people, the ways that organisations may and may not use personal information, when organisations may and may not transfer personal information to other organisations, and provides security obligations for the storage and transfer of personal information. Data protection law also regulates the use of personal data for marketing purposes, and restricts the sending of personal information across the borders where there is no equal protection to data deemed (Carey, 2009). Personal data as discussed in an article by Carey (2009), for better conceptualization, is defined as any information which identifies a living individual may it be in electronic or manual form. Examples of information capable of amounting to personal data include a person’s name, address, email address, DNA sample, image, and even records of transactions such as use of credit cards. Obtaining, storing, copying, filing, transferring or anything and everything that can be done to such data is called data processing (Carey, 2009). Data protection law requires three things—registration, compliance with data protection rules and attention to individual rights. Data controller, a person or organisation that controls the processing of personal data such as companies and organisations, must register with the relevant authority of its processing operations. Such data controllers must also comply with a code of conduct on personal data processing such as UK’s Eight ‘Data Protection Principles’. And lastly data controllers must abide by a set of rights which have been created for the benefit of individuals (Carey, 2009) such as the human rights- the right to a private life. . There are also negative implications regarding the issue. Data security issues in the NHS as cited by Gray (2009) mentioned the prevalence of Serious Untoward Incidents (SUI) as any incident involving the actual or potential loss of personal information that could lead to identity fraud or have other significant impact on individuals. SUI’s recorded were theft, losses of unencrypted laptops and memory sticks, losses of hard documents, losses in transit and inappropriate disposal of records. All these incidents that can happen in general can get pertinent data in the hands of unwanted people. Such is a the case published in the Privacy and Data Protection Journal of a data breach relating to St Louis based Company Express Scripts that occurred 2008 when an anonymous letter, containing member’s important data such as names, social security numbers etc, threatened the company that it would release millions of more records if the ...Show more


Data protection and privacy In this world of fast phased technology where there is a vast array of data that can now be easily accessed by the use of high technology devices such as computers, mobile phones, wireless GPS devices and applications such as social networking sites, the issue of data protection and privacy is at the verge of breach…
Author : uterry
Data Protection and Privacy
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