Asylum Seekers in the United Kingdom - Essay Example
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Figure 1: Asylum seeker applications in the UK during 2000-2009 (Topic guide to Immigration Control and Asylum n.d.). This figure clearly reflects on the fact that the degree to which immigrants applied for asylum seeking in the UK has drastically minimized over the years. The present study would discuss why and how this has been possible, and whether the English law has been successful in dealing with asylum seekers effectively. The present study focuses on an understanding of the concept of asylum seeking in the UK by individuals and discusses the fact that the legal system offered by the English Law on the issue of illegal asylum seekers is not sufficient in taking the correct decisions in regard to the asylum seekers. This considers the difficulty that the asylum seekers are encountered with in order to make their places in the country, as well as the ignorance of the law to assist these people, and hence the consequences of suffering of these people or their forceful entry into the country. In the UK, generally, the asylum seekers have to wait for around 2 months to even 6 years before their claims are accepted or refused. If the refugees have chosen UK, it is likely that they have someone known in the country. Any customary and obligatory introduction program is not provided by the UK for new arrivals in the country. For this reason, refugees and asylum seekers are required to get hold of information about livelihood and work in the UK from their own sources and any networks that exist and can help them out with guidance (Refugees and asylum seekers in the UK: The challenges of accessing education and employment 2009). In the UK, in the present times, the UK Border Agency (BIA) supports the asylum seekers. The policy of the BIA allows offering all the asylum seekers facilities of accommodation on a basis of no-choice.
The paper "Asylum Seekers in the United Kingdom" presents that by asylum seeker is referred to an individual who has applied for asylum in the country and recognized as a person in exile. In the present times, the applications of asylum seekers and the UK have become significant issues for the country…
“A refugee is a person who is outside his country of origin and fearful of returning home because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, identity, membership of a particular social group or political opinion”. The term 'refugee' therefore refers to a situation where a person has been forced to flee to another country or is forced to remain in another country and not return home because of some situations in his home country that makes it impossible to return to his home country.
Britain has an obligation to maintain asylum seekers and never to return them in countries where they are vulnerable to persecution. Refugee convention defines asylum seeker as an individual who seeks refuge in another country for fear of being persecuted in his or her own country for various reasons such as political opinion, religion, race, nationality or identifying himself with a specific group.
Immigration has been a common practice within the human culture and has been evidenced by the frameworks that have been crafted within government structures of different countries to deal with the feature. Governments acknowledge that there exists immigration into or out of these countries either legally or even illegally and thus the need for regulatory frameworks.
Beginning in 2003 until the present, non-Jewish immigrants from African countries have arrived in Israel through illegal means. Currently numbering almost 15,000 according to data from the local UN High Commission on Refugees (UNHCR), these refugees come from Sudan’s Darfur region and from the countries of Eritrea and Ethiopia.
The present study shall focus on the challenges to social integration and cultural assimilation confronting asylum seekers and refugees to Britain. As numerous researchers have pointed out, the failure to integrate is a serious problem and functions as a potential threat to social cohesion.
Global share: If we consider global refugee and asylum seeking population the UK ranks 32nd in the world in relation to the host country's overall size, population and wealth. The number of asylum applications the UK received in 2002 represented about 0.01 percent of the global refugee population and about 0.03 per cent of the refugee population in Europe.
This is the most effective safeguard for asylum seekers and refugees despite it giving priority to individuals over the state. Many principles laid down by the Court have played a significant role in securing the rights of individuals who are likely to face prohibited treatment in their original countries.
According to Balchin (2002, p. 106), it covers health care, criminal justice system as well as equality and education. It also deals with health policy, housing policy, education policy, economic (income) policy and family policy among other issues related to
For example, according to United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) there were more 165000 irregular refugees trying to enter Europe through the Mediterranean sea in the first nine months of 2014 (Peter, 2014, para. 5). The increased migrations can be attributed to economic factors and mainly conflicts in home countries.