a mainly re-active force to being a more pro-active one, with greater emphasis on crime prevention and the ability to know where and how specific type of crime are likely to take place (Ratcliffe, 2007).
Crime analysis is the next step up from just collecting and generating police crime reports. It reflects the use of these data that have been collected to make a more scientific study of the incidences of crime and from it make useful conclusions on the best ways to utilize stretched police resources and ensure that the lessons learned from the crime reports and incidences of the past are used as a tool for improving police work in the future. This arming of the police with information and tools that make them better do their job has resulted in theme being not only better at handling crime but also staying on top of the criminal trends and patterns and thus being better at knowing how to combat the dynamic nature of modern-day crime.
A crime analyst’s responsibilities include the compiling, studying, analyzing, interpreting and presenting data collected from crime incidence reports. It includes going through all the reports and from them identifying and picking out any patterns, trends and features of crime that are then mapped out not only geographically but also socially and logically with the intention of enabling the police come up with the most effective methods of combating it and fighting such crime. Once all these data is analyzed and interpreted into useful information from which decisions can be made, the crime analyst also comes up with the best ways of presenting the information not only to the police departments for their own operational needs and requirements but also to the public so they can accurately and realistically evaluate the success of crime prevention and detection (International Association of Crime Analysts, 2011).
The crime analyst looks first and foremost at the incidences of crimes reported and analysis their occurrence,