False confessions are admissions to criminal offenses and subsequent narrative of how and why the crime occurred by confessors who in reality are not responsible. False confessions are common in judicial systems, but mostly go unnoticed and unrecorded. The difficulty in noticing…
False confessions have led to wrongful convictions of otherwise innocent individuals.
According to Mississippi Innocence Project, false confessions occur due to a number of reasons. One of the reasons for false confessions relates to coercion error. This occurs during interrogation when police employ strategies that compromise the ability of a suspect to resist admission of guilt. The most common strategy used by police is to lie that there is exceeding evidence attaching a suspect to a given crime and persuade a suspect that the only way is to confess. Police interrogators have also threatened suspects that about receiving heavier charges if they fail to admit and lighter charges if they confess responsibility for a crime that otherwise they are not.
Another reason for that leads to false confession relates to the desire by a confessor to cover-up for identity of actual criminal due to some implied importance or high stature of the given criminal (Mississippi Innocence Project). For instance, a body guard of a powerful politician who happened to shoot and kill a person can confess falsely to cover-up for the politician so as to preserve the criminal’s public reputation. Sometimes, the powerful politicians who happen to be true killer promise the person covering for them that they will follow the case and pay for bails.
False confession can also occur due to cognitive and personal disabilities that may hinder a confessor from memorizing clearly. People with cognitive malfunctions are vulnerable to admit to implied interrogative questions that require either “Yes” or “No” answers. Since prosecutors are smart and always intend to use their evidence to pin down a suspect, they tend to ask confusing questions that people with cognitive problems can respond falsely and lead to their conviction. Personality disorders such as ...
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“Essay Concerning False Confessions in Mississippi”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/law/725127-essay-concerning-false-confessions-in-mississippi.
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