Raphael Hythloday, the traveler from the island of Utopia in Thomas More’s “Utopia” would necessarily views Machiavelli’s Prince as a more upgraded version of corrupted and despotic European rulers in the monarchic legal and political system. …
l and they, being introduced by the prince, are devoted to highlight the princely image, whereas the laws and news measures come from the mass people in the Utopia. A sense of duty and responsibility prevails the consciences of the citizens to comply with their laws, since they themselves are involved in its making. More’s Utopia stands out as a foil to the Anglo-European monarchic governments’ enormous crime, injustice, corruption and tyranny which, as More believes, emerge from the monarchs’ hunger for absolute power as well as from their lack of morality and respect for their subjects. More’s sole objective in the text is to his contemporary readers, what an ideal looks like, even though he knows that some of the ideals are possible to be implemented to the full extent. One of such examples is Hythloday’s dismay at the utopian’s pride about their justice: “I would gladly hear any man compare the justice that is among them with that of all other nations; among whom, may I perish, if I see anything that looks either like justice or equity” (45). But in the same, More makes a reproachful comparison between the commonwealth countries and the Utopia as following: “no commonwealth could hold out a year without them, can only earn so poor a livelihood, and must lead so miserable a life, that the condition of the beasts is much better than theirs?” (45) But strikingly enough, Machiavelli’s “Prince” advocates, in contrast to More’s ideology and perspective for an ideal political state in which the government will be as adept as the prince in ruling its subjects irrespective of the morality of the moral stance and the means of striving for the throne. In fact, such amoral perspective for a prince’s duty and responsibility, in the first place, is...
Raphael Hythloday, the traveler from the island of Utopia in Thomas More’s “Utopia” would necessarily views Machiavelli’s Prince as a more upgraded version of corrupted and despotic European rulers in the monarchic legal and political system. Even Machiavelli’s Prince would prove to be more morally degraded, harmful and dangerous than the European monarchic rulers because of his education and knowledge about how to manipulate his power as well as people’s emotion and fear to tame them. Machiavelli takes it for granted that princes are devoted to the welfare of their subjects as well as their states. But he has always an inherent distrust people’s ability to remain loyal to the ruler of a state. More’s utopia essentially infers that the people are the integral part of the government and of the existing legal and sociopolitical order. Here, they participate in this government willfully and systematically. Such tendency of More to handover the absolute power to the mass necessarily reflects his belief in man’s ability to do good and to correct themselves. In contrast to More’s concept, Machiavelly claims that the mass people of a state are generally “ungrateful, fickle, dissembling, anxious to flee danger, and covetous of gain.” (Machiavelli 45). When the prince is free of dangers, they will be eager to sacrifice their lives and wealth for him. But during the days of turmoil, they will desert him. ...
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Machiavelli wrote in The Prince the qualities that is necessary for a prince to have. In the list of the qualities that a prince or ruler should have, he excluded the four cardinal virtues of Greek political philosophy.
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