In the last chapter of "The machine stops" by E.M. Forster, "The homeless" Forster present the imaginable future of modern humankind, which becomes literally and figuratively controlled both physically and spiritually of the Machine. The key image of the Machine overtakes all human activities and electronically directs thoughts and actions and all various aspects of daily life.
Why not have second hand ideas or even tenth-hand. The implications that Forster is making are connected with the reductions of primary sources as conveying knowledge. In fact history does not matter, since the Machine we live in provides us with all necessary wealth and goods. The Machine is not only the place people dwell in, but it is also the source of history itself. Central Committee and a Committee of the Mending Apparatus are in charge of humankind. Forster as a narrator of the story as well as the characters repeatedly use verbs of agency for the machine. It feeds, clothes and houses human beings. It automatically operates and process information and people do not have to strain their inventive skills. The two distinguishable features of the machine are that it takes decisions on its own and that it evolves by itself.
In his attempt to properly depict the probable future, Forster uses expressive language combinations, metaphors and newly coined words. The Machine is explicitly visualized as communication system. Forster tries to predict what it would be like when people start to use "cinemathophote". The use of machines to intermediate the communication between people limits human's perceptions of each other. That is why they no longer require meeting and seeing each other. In fact, they live in their own isolated rooms, talking to friends with the help of the machine. Forster's hidden message behind the Machine is that after inventing it, the creation had begun to control its own master. He expresses his idea throughout the chapter implying how unaware people are of their own destruction.
An example of people's ignorance of accepting their mortality and how they are controlled by the Machine is the dialogue between Vashti and one of her friends. The affirmative sentence "The machine stops" can not be grasped. "What does it mean The phrase conveys nothing to me." The characters are bewildered as to how it is possible for the Machine to stop. It is eternal. Thus, the stopping means nothing to them. In Forster's world human imagination is rudimental. Apparently, they have lost their ability to envisage. Not only that they fall into a state of denial - self-denial as well as a denial of the death of the Machine. "No one confessed the Machine was out of hand". This is again undisputable and unrealistic event. Very slowly Forster introduces that indeed the end of the humankind is near, noting that "quietly and complacently, it was sinking into decadence."
The re-establishment of religion indicates the brain-washing of the people. The worship of the Machine is a divine act. The reintroduction of religion stimulates the faith in the Machine. "The Machine is the friend of ideas and the enemy of superstition: the Machine is omnipotent, eternal; blessed is the Machine." The Machine is God. People have to praise and obey it, not to question its decisions and to pray to it. The cult to the Machine destroys the basic human relations and poisons people's perceptions. Forster's citizens are no masters of their world, they are puppets in the hands of the Machine. People inadvertently find themselves controlled and guided by the Central Committee and the Committee of the Mending Apparatus. Forster's citizens look to whatever guide they find to make their lived purposeful. "The Book", or the ...
Cite this document
(“The Machine Stops by E.M. Forster Book Report/Review”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/literature/291114-the-machine-stops-by-em-forster
(The Machine Stops by E.M. Forster Book Report/Review)
“The Machine Stops by E.M. Forster Book Report/Review”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/literature/291114-the-machine-stops-by-em-forster.
In the story “The Machine Stops” the author has tried to convey a clear message that human reliance on machines will drag the future of the society towards destruction. Thus, giving rise to machine-sustained society in future. However, in the end the machine collapses which puts an end on the reliance and dependency of the characters on machines.
Criminology and the birth of criminal science started with the advent of Holmes. "The investigations of Sherlock Holmes witness the beginning of a new way of thought concerning criminal investigation being shaped between the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century" http://associazioni.comune.firenze.it/holmes/inglese/ing_agostinis.htm
The novella "Daisy Miller" tells the story of the courtship of the beautiful American girl named Daisy Miller by her sophisticated compatriot Winterbourne. EM Forster, in his Where Angels Fear to Tread, narrates the story of the widowed Lilia Herriton who falls in love with Italy and the handsome travelling companion Caroline Abbott who is much younger than herself.
Forster's most famous novel A Passage to India (first published in 1924) has been critically discussed in the light of colonialism, freethinking, modernism, traditions, sexuality and the connection between the personal and political. The passing yet cautiously hidden homoerotic feeling between Aziz and Fielding, that Arthur Martland showed in Passion and Prose (1997) or the failed relationship between Adela Quested and Aziz point out to the gulf that separates the colonized Indians from their British colonizer, sexuality here acting as the most traumatic effect of colonization on both the colonizer and the colonized or, showing , as Clare Brandabur says(1993), the "destructive impact on pe
The main idea of this book review is a comparison of two novels’ central theme. Both their characters, Holden Caulfield from The Catcher in the Rye and Lucy Honeychurch from Room with a View decided to do the act of flight. One of them wanted to escape the “phoniness” of the adult world, another one - the petty-minded provincialism of his upbringing.
So runs Colmer's assessment of George in E.M. Forster's novel 'A Room with a View' and there certainly is some truth in such an outright critical dismissal. To say the least, George Emerson, as Forster portrays him, does not appear to be a powerful enough character to bear the burden of symbolism placed on him and thereby becomes a victim of it.
mer determined with traveling via time develops himself a time machine and much to his astonishment, he travels 802,701 years into the future in order to discover what it entails. The universe or world has been changed with a society existing in happiness and harmony but as the
Time travelers add that it’s almost impossible moving up and down without any support. In the story, Traveler tries to explain the story but they seem not to buy the idea. (Wells 1)
The narrator holds that the Time
Charles Dickens introduced the idea of time travel in his famous tale “A Christmas Carol,” where Scrooge is forced to visit events that occurred in the past, present, and future; however, it was H.G. Wells’s novel “The Time Machine” that first introduced science and
8 Pages(2000 words)Book Report/Review
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Book Report/Review on topic The Machine Stops by E.M. Forster for FREE!