Umuofia may be regarded almost as a large, self-contained village, held together because of the clan's strict adherence to its religion and laws. It is pride that brings its people together. With remarkable economy and simplicity of language, Achebe describes the fragmentation of this ancient culture and the alienation suffered by its people due to colonization. Umuofia, which means "People of the Forest", is a town comprising of nine separate villages, feared by all its neighbors, as many of its clansmen are brave warriors
Almost every society has a strong cultural and religious tradition. Umuofia is no different. All the villages of Umuofia are governed by the Edwugwu and everyone worships the same gods. They celebrate various occasions together coming from afar to be with their relatives. They also mourn various losses in each other's company. It is this that sets Umuofia apart from other towns. All its villages are bound by the same ancient code and not one of them functions differently.
We notice how proud the protagonist Okonkwo and his clansmen are of Umuofia. In fact, pride is the most visible trait that most men display. Other emotions are concealed even from their own wives and children. Overly emotional men are considered weak and unworthy.
In many ways, the society is a cruel and harsh one. ...