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Criminology - Essay Example

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The authors view that though education level, employment rate and domestic life witnessed a significant boost, as the demographical statistics reveal, yet increasing adversity of law and order situation is a question mark for the law enforcing agencies, as the committing of offences including robbery, aggravated assault, forcible rape and homicide have been observed to be doubled within one and half decade. (1979:588) The authors opine alterations in social structure and lifestyle of the people as well behind the huge rise in crime rate, where the insurgence of aggravated offenders, availability of apposite targets and the lack of regulatory authorities are three essential elements to motivate the offenders to exercise their nefarious designs. (1979:589). Consequently, social environment is responsible for rise in delinquent behavior. Crimes are conducted by the individuals observing criminal tendencies as well as the opportunities of exercising the same. Since population density is very high in Cosmopolitan cities, where multicultural groups belonging to different regions live, the control over delinquent behavior is vehemently hard. Consequently, these cities experience high crime rate. Though nature of the crimes in contemporary urban areas observe both similarities and variations in their scope, where sometimes the crime is committed against one specific age-group, race or community at the hands of habitual criminals. It endorses the very claim that environmental changes influence nature and scope of offensive behavior at large. Since the individuals in the big cities observe extreme level of independence, the youth are either free to exercise their activities, or live far from their parents. In both the cases, the probability of their getting indulged into law breaking acts soar to a great extent. Scarcity of job opportunities and unjust and unequal distribution of wealth and resources also tempt the people to commit crime in order to snatch the wealth from haves on the one hand, and take revenge of injustices being exercised in society on the other. (1979:592). Hence, predatory violence is the outcome of poverty and paucity that certainly enthralls the people in its obnoxious fold subsequently. The policy of check and balance, adopted by the parents and guardians, and the application of technological equipments cause sure impediments on the way to the potential offenders in respect of committing crime. The modern age has bound the people to work from dawn to dusk as routine; thus their engagements in routine activities have encouraged the criminals to make plans of assaults on them particularly for robbery and theft. The crimes have also become a routine activity for the habitual offender, the motive behind which is generally depriving the victims of money and precious belongings. The authors also discover that the geographical areas, having intimacy among neighbors, imposes checks on the criminals; thus, the visibility of potential sites of crime affects the risk that crimes will occur there. (1979:591) Somehow, since habitual criminals commit crimes as a routine activity, poverty cannot be declared as the only reason behind such condemnable acts. The effects and impacts of technology can also be witnessed in both the committing and controlling criminal activities. Use of latest devices and techniques can be beneficial for detecting the criminals and crushing their nefarious designs with an iron hand. Sacco & Kennedy (2008) ...Show more
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Summary

CAUSES OF HUGE GROWTH IN CRIME RATE Instructor name: Module Title: Module No: Submission Date: The Paper Cohen & Felson (1979) have pointed out towards some most imperative reasons behind the constant increase in committing of crimes and offences in various states and areas of the USA…
Criminology
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