This research paper explores the Hawthorne’s life and his unique influences of the town of Salem, Massachusetts. This paper also examines how this important part of his personal background influenced the writings that would make him one of America‘s most influential authors. …
The research paper "Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Salem Heritage" examines the Nathaniel Hawthorne’s literary legacy in relation to his unique influences of the town of Salem, Massachusetts. In order to better understand Hawthorne’s influences, we must examine the historical happenings in his birthplace, especially those years prior to his birth. Salem, Massachusetts has a rich history illustrating early American culture, representing both the good and bad aspects unique to this time. Hawthorne’s great-great-grandfather William was an early leader in Salem, known for his theocratic Puritan beliefs and a strong conviction to rid the community of anyone who did not share those strict tenets. In 1692 Salem, William’s son John was a judge who presided over the Salem Witch trials. He, too, was well known for issuing harsh judgments for a wide variety of wrongs--real or imagined.
Nathaniel Hawthorne’s personal history began on July 4, 1804, in Salem. Subsequent generations had taken on more ordinary, less noteworthy roles in the community; Hawthorne’s father was a sea captain. He inherited from his father a reserved nature, together with a moodiness that made him more suited for solitude. When Hawthorne was four, his father contracted yellow fever while traveling in Dutch Guiana; his death would always haunt Hawthorne as he struggled with losing a father he barely knew. It is the legacy of a family that would help shape Hawthorne as a writer and give him insight into aspects of the human condition. ...
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Almost a century and a half later, in 1835, Nathaniel Hawthorne penned his “Young Goodman Brown,” a short story that takes place during the infamous witch hunt. As such, the events of the Salem Witch Hunt greatly influenced the creative mind of Hawthorne, providing him with historical information that he was able to combine with his own creativity, constructing a unique point of view into those horrific times.
The precepts of Transcendentalism seek to oppose the strict Calvinist doctrines which believe in the inevitable degeneracy of man. Furthermore, Transcendentalism also challenged the idea of the Christian Trinity and put forth the idea of unity of the erstwhile divided principles.
Over 300 years after the fascinating story of the Salem witch-hunt, historians and scholars have continued to study the incident (Magoon, 2008). The colony of Massachusetts where the incident took place was small with scattered population and Puritans who were very strict in their Christians beliefs dominated the colony.
In an effort to continuously inflict that idea amongst their female counterparts, the males had resorted to several mal practices such as abusive language and physical oppression. At its most extreme point, a woman was often stigmatized as a witch and a mockery of justice served in almost all the cases that convicted her to be guilty.
It is only through the illustration of the weakness of human beings that individuals are able to portray the relevance to the story that unfolds before us through gauging our inner selves. This is exactly the situation that Nathaniel Hawthorne the “American Romance” novelist wanted to experience when he wrote “The Scarlet Letter” novel.
His nine-year old daughter, Betty, and his niece, eleven-year-old Abigail Williams, exhibited uncanny behaviors. They hid under chairs, contorted their bodies, lashed out their tongues, and spoke in outlandish languages.2 Because Doctor Griggs cannot provide a physical explanation, he blamed witchcraft for these behaviors.
Certain individuals believe that religious and political issues played a major role in causing the trials. The main reasons that caused the trials to take place are associated with the strange behaviors exhibited by Betty Parris and her cousin. These two young girls accused that Tituba an Indian slave and two other white females for practicing witchcraft and making the girls behave in strange manner.
In this encounter, I would consider a public-relation form of approach. Custom publications have proven to be an effective way to communicate and get through to Cubans. For example, Procter & Gamble has invested
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