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Essay example - Historical Contexts & Literature - Cold War

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Pages 8 (2008 words)
They include the hot war, warm war and the cold war. The cold war is a term used to illustrate the relation between the Soviet Union and America (1945-1991). The war can be described as the persistent…

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After, the end of World War II, an English journalist named George Orwell used the term cold war in his essay. As stated above, the cold war led by the States, its NATO accomplices and the Soviet Union together with its satellite associate. Some of the Soviet Republics included Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Eastern Finland, Lithuania and Eastern Romania. These territories got liberated and transformed into satellite states (Leffler, 2008).
The United States was the Western bloc while the Soviet Union was the Eastern bloc. The war commenced after the triumph of their coalition against Nazi Germany. This triggered political and economic differences among them. The worrying factor in the war period was the introduction of weapons of mass destruction. Prior to the war, the two superpowers fought together during World War II as they had one enemy in common (Arne, 2007).
The reason behind the naming of the war originates from the fact that the war did not involve direct military action as both sides were in possession of nuclear weapons. Some of the prevalent issues that caused the war include; Truman’s dislike of Stalin, Russia’s dislike for capitalism, nuclear power secrets, fear of attack by the America, need to secure the western border and the need to spread communism across the world (Brown, 2011). However, there was rivalry through espionage, aid to client countries and propaganda campaigns.
Some of the proxy wars that the Soviet Union fought with the United States is the Space Race (Leffler, 2008). Both parties sought a détente to relieve the military and political tensions (Arne, 2007). In the 1980s, the Western bloc increased their military, economic and diplomatic pressures, a time when the Soviet Union faced economic stagnation. The cold war was the first-ever war between the social and economic systems (Bahm, Enright, and van Tuyll, 2011).
In this period, Britain’s Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, felt that the Soviet leader; Joseph ...
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