Claiming the story as an address to the racism would not be fair. The story is rather an account depicting the insecurity of people from a certain race against the other race. The story has been written by the author Maya who has rather acted as a protagonist of the story as well. She has been shown to live with her grandmother who she called Momma mostly throughout the widened coast of the novel. Both Momma and Maya had been projected in the story as being discriminated by white girls who came to store each day where Momma undertook canning in the dry season. Throughout the novel, it is much easier to note that Momma has tried her level best to ignore the discriminatory sentences spoken by the white girls. Common symbols have been used to note the discrimination in the story. For instance, the Easter dress that Momma tries to rework on for Maya is an evident symbol showing discrimination. It is in the sense that Maya considered a used material by white. Earlier, before getting ready for the Easter, Maya thought that she would look beautiful and in this way she will be able to redefine beauty being black. But she realizes that she is merely wearing a dress which was thrown out by whites. This dress is a symbol which is eminent throughout the novel (Angelou).
In order to retaliate to the discriminatory words spoken by the whites, Momma always tried to keep herself calm. Maya has referred this act of Momma to dignity as a synonym. This can be noted as a metaphor devise of literature where the author has connected and compared one’s ability with another phenomenon. Momma or namely Mrs. Handerson always hummed a tune whenever she witnessed the white girls. Maya, the narrator has shown her inability to control her aggression that she had on her mind. Maya saw Momma many times ignoring the white ladies so perfectly that she always had to get amazed. This is why the narrator keeps on calling Mrs.