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Religion in Contemporary China - Essay Example

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They argue that these two practices should be thought of as philosophies, cultural practices or thought systems. In China, it is debatable what should be referred to as religion and people who should be referred to as religious. Buddhism is still the most popular religion in China from its inception in the 1st century. Nonetheless, one of the biggest units of religious traditions in China is the Shenism or the Chinese folk religion. These religious traditions comprise the worship of the shens, a collection of ancestors, heroes local ethnic deities, figures from Chinese mythology, and Taoism (Spence 23). This paper will look at religion in Contemporary China.China has had one of the most diverse and richest religious cultures in the universe prior to the modernist changes of the twentieth century. The radical anti-traditionalist laws of both communist and republic administrations, in addition to other historical factors, have caused a transformation to China’s religious traditions. Christianity in China was established in the 7th century. Christianity decreased due to hounding between the 10th and 14th centuries. Nevertheless, Christianity was revived in the 16th century. The increased incursion of Western ideas in China during the 18th and 19th centuries saw Western religions increase their dominance in China. The Western Religions had a hand in the Taiping Rebellion (Spence 71). The Communist Party of China was considered an atheist administration which perceived traditional religions as non-rewarding and Western religions, for example, Christianity, as a strategy of Western dominance, and has persistently asserted separation of the church from affairs of the country so as to avoid events, for example, the Taiping Rebellion. Currently, Buddhism, Shenism and Taoism are the key religions in China with a total of over 58% of people in China being members. The rest of the population is made up of other world religions. A number of new religious movements, both exogenous and indigenous are spread all over China. In addition, Confucianism as a religious movement has become popular with intellects. Nevertheless, these different religious groups are spreading all over China because the administration is permitting them to extend. China has a number of the globe’s tallest statues, as well as the tallest of all. The majority of these buildings symbolize religious personalities, deities, and Buddhas (Spence 113). The Spring Temple Buddha is the globe’s tallest sculpture. It is found in Henan. Also, the globe’s tallest stupa and the globe’s tallest pagoda have been recently constructed in China. The government of China is atheist. This is because it has presumed religion as a symbol of foreign colonialism and feudalism and has upheld separation of the country affairs from the church activities. The cultural revolution of 1966 and 1967 resulted to the formulation of a law that led to the removal of religions. The consequence was the destruction and damage of places of worship. The law against religion largely eased in the end of 1970. This was also a period that signified the termination of the Cultural Revolution. Ever since this period, there has been permission to perform religious activities. From the middle of 1980, there has been a significant plan to reconstruct Taoist and Buddhist temples. In addition, the government of China has shown support for Taoism and Buddhism coordinating the World Buddhist Forum in 2006 (Spence 147). The government of China has perceived these religions as a significant component of the Chinese culture. Nevertheless, there are a number of religious groups realized by the China nation, they include, Taoism, ...Show more


Religion in China has been set apart by pluralism since the start of history in China. The religions in China are based on the family and do not require the complete devotion of members…
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Religion in Contemporary China essay example
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