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18th century Satire in British Literature Particularly in Alexander Popes The Rape of the Lock and Jonathan Swifts Gullivers Travels - Essay Example

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18th century Satire in British Literature Particularly in Alexander Popes The Rape of the Lock and Jonathan Swifts Gullivers Travels

Pope was believed to be notorious for he always made himself visible despite the general social expectation that deformed people should hide themselves. The criticism of the nobles against anything or anyone who is ugly and deformed must have provoked Pope to be satirical against them in his works. As an assiduous scholar, Pope educated himself in the languages and he found confidence and encouragement from his father and like-minded friends in literature. His tuberculosis of the spine, which left him a hunchback, did not interfere with his desire to join various literary circles in London and to publish his works, especially The Rape of the Lock, which is a satire directed against the nobles of high society England (Lund 2005). Moreover, Pope was against slavery, and this must have been one of the reasons why he was against the nobles (Pritchard 2005).
2.2 Style of Satire in The Rape of the Lock
The Rape of the Lock is a satire against the vanity of the British high society of the 18th century. In Canto II, although Pope somehow praises the beauty and elegance of Belinda, he does not fail to indicate that she possesses objects of luxury which all equate to beauty: “on her white Breast a sparkling Cross she wore” and just like in Canto I, where she is mentioned to possess “Puffs, Powders, Patches, Bibles, Billet-doux” (Pope, The Rape of the Lock 2004). ...Show more

Summary

Alexander Pope And His Satire.
It is believed that “Pope may be the greatest poet of his age, but he is also a notable cripple, and that fact along renders nugatory all other pretensions to respect or acceptance” (Lund 2005). …
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18th century Satire in British Literature Particularly in Alexander Popes The Rape of the Lock and Jonathan Swifts Gullivers Travels essay example
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