77). Hundreds of enterprises have succeeded in their business by switching to automated manufacturing to avail its benefits and exploit new opportunities and horizons (Papakostas et al., 650). This paper entails the application of robots in manufacturing industries and benefits derived from it. It also explains the limitations and loopholes where automation doesn’t prove to be saving grace for a business. With references to practical examples, opinions illustrated by scholarly articles in this regard and modern business automated practices, this report is intended to summarize the findings and conclusions that have been drawn from this entire research study. Need for automation Manufacturing industries require customized automated systems to cater their voluminous needs. Robots are programmed with expert knowledge to be tailored and integrated for manufacturing system. They are put to best use when used as special-purpose machines in industries where long-batch monotonous processing is being followed to produce homogenous products, requiring no human intervention or technical intelligence. However, it gets complicated when manufacturing requires integration of large number of heterogeneous techniques. Such integration is a challenge since conventional automation where normative models are used to program robots proves out to be inadequate. To combat this, modern robots were built supporting standardization, modularization and vertical and horizontal integration. Nonetheless, for simpler small-scale processing plants, current developments in robots and their support for system integration are sufficient to facilitate tasks like assembling, machining and straightforward decision-making which do not exhibit substantial deviations between actual and modeled behavior as that might require human intelligence (Bjorkelund et al., 9). Automated systems are not only capable of supporting small batch cycles but also result in significant reduction of unit costs and batch costs. Thus the technology would help facilitate the just-in-time manufacturing objectives being demanded in virtually every industry that produces potentially customizable products. Usage of robots becomes source of reduction in time taken to produce customized goods, thereby making it possible for organization to adopt and benefit from just-in-time inventory maintenance and production methodology. Manufacturing productivity is enhanced through automation since it enables the elimination of bottle-necks in production runs, making life cycles of products shorter. Process scheduling becomes more efficient through automation through enhanced control over production systems. Another viewpoint for this aspect is enhancement of satisfaction of customers through timely deliveries, accurate quotations and economical pricing routed via cost reduction (Bourne, Corney & Gupta, 19-20). Role of robots in modern world In chronological sequence, the first generation machines were developed using artificial intelligence technology where robots were given limited capabilities to carry out cognitive processing and decision-making as that by humans. Attributes for different parts and technical manufacturing knowledge were programmed into robots, enabling them to make planning decisions based on identification of different variables and benchmarking
Name: Course: Professor: Date: Robots In Manufacturing Introduction The competitive environment for manufacturers today has necessitated it for them to be more productive, efficient and dynamic. Since customers are the ultimate stakeholder, all businesses are moving towards meeting their expectations and fulfilling their satisfaction by adopting automated manufacturing to improve in quality cost and timeliness aspects…
I have thoroughly enjoyed the Twinning Engineering Program at Thammasat and Nottingham Universities, and am confident that a postgraduate degree in Manufacturing Engineering and Management at Nottingham would be the best step I can now take towards furthering my academic career.
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