Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Contemporary Leadership Theory - Literature review Example

Only on StudentShare
Author : arenner

Summary

This paper will discuss and compare two academic articles involving leadership theories with each other, citing contributions that each makes to the body of literature on leadership in the interest of further exploring the many dimensions by which leadership has been conceptualized…

Extract of sample
Contemporary Leadership Theory

According to the paper findings there is a wide range of leadership theories which have been developed through the years. The theories are classified into seven. The first is the known as the Great Man theories, which are founded on the idea that leaders are extraordinary individuals whose leadership qualities are inborn. The use of the term “Man” was intentional since it was generally held throughout the early half of the twentieth century that leadership is a male attribute; in fact, William James wrote that the course of history is determined by great men, without whom the masses could not progress. The next group is the trait theories, referring to the focus on traits or qualities that a good leader is thought to possess (though which are not necessarily inborn). The study of “great men” that preceded this yielded very few commonalities among them, giving rise to the idea that what defines a leader would be the set of admirable characteristics he possessed, such as intelligence, self-confidence, determination and integrity . Behaviourist theories are anchored on the actions of leaders rather than their attributes. Behaviour patterns are studied and categorised to comprise “leadership styles”. The next school of leadership theories is known as situational leadership. This set of theories views effective leadership not in terms of traits or actions, but the match between these and the situation being addressed. The situational leadership model holds that “the style of leadership should be mathed ot the level of readiness of the followers”. ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Kant's Theory
In order to act rationally, one must be guided by a supreme law of morality which determines right or wrong in our moral duties. Kant referred to the rule as the Categorical Imperative, which means a command with no other option or alternative. Morality is based on this rule since it is a command that applies to every human being. He says that people should be treated as an end, and not as a means. A prohibited action should not be done even if the outcome of the action yields more happiness or satisfaction (Johnson). On the other hand, utilitarianism theories suggest that there is no rule…
6 pages (1506 words)
Contemporary Philosophical or Political Thought
Kant has been one of the most influential intellectuals in the world of philosophy with his most discussed philosophical theory of ‘groundwork of the metaphysics of morals’ where he introduced and laid firm foundation the ideas of ethics. In his work, Kant seeks to put down important theory of morality and prove how the principle applies to the people. He put across the idea that the behavior of the principle that a person wishes to do verifies the appropriateness of his or her action. During his era, there was a lot of serious concentration in his mind set about philosophies as due to the…
5 pages (1255 words)
Contemporary ethical challenges and Leadership.
Things which people perceived as wrong in the past are now viewed as tolerable and acceptable. This change in the way people think has brought about numerous challenges which leaders have to face. Moral behaviour was initially judged on the basis of religious teachings. Irrespective of which religion an individual belonged to, the human life was focused on the religious teachings. However with the passage of time, the human focus has shifted from religion. With secular societies and nations being on the rise, religion is not viewed as the fundamental basis of how one should act. Consequently,…
8 pages (2008 words)
Searle's Theory
This action occurs in a perfect manner such that the people outside the room begin to believe that actually the person understands Chinese. The same experiment is performed by a computer that applies syntax program to manipulate Chinese Language despite the fact that the computer may not comprehend the language. The Theory in regard to Syntax Manipulation To begin with, Searle does not show anywhere in his theory that Syntax manipulation does not involve any form of thinking nor does he suggest anywhere that Syntax manipulation entails thinking. However, a clear conclusion that can be derived…
3 pages (753 words)
Contemporary Society
Two of the most influential figures among these in a profound understanding of contemporary society in it various features and aspects have been Raymond Williams and Amartya Sen and this paper undertakes an evaluation of the intellectual contributions by these social philosophers whose works and writings helped modern man in realising the realities of present-day society. Williams' contributions to politics, culture, the mass media, cultural studies and the cultural materialist approach, and literature as well as Sen's works in welfare economics, social choice theory, economic growth, economic…
8 pages (2008 words)
Plato In the Contemporary View
In formulating his rhetorical arguments, Plato launches an invitation to delve deep into the matter at hand; his views on education are startling in their simplicity yet definitely do not fit in with the contemporary views held by our country's First Amendment; in Chapter 2 of Republic (trans. by Benjamin Jowett, 1901), Socrates indignantly states that fiction should be censored, separating the good from the bad. This is discussed as a necessity for good education of children. He further suggested that the children could only hear "authorized" tales of fiction and stated that most of the…
4 pages (1004 words)
Organizational Theory
These standards have arisen without sound testing of whether these standards are, in fact, objective measures of quality (Eichler 1988). Wilson's views are in part countered by Stephen Linstead who while acknowledging the quality of Wilson's work argues that it does a disservice to the main thinkers who laid the theoretical groundwork of the modern O.T. This paper will raise the arguments of these two views and attempt to evaluate them on their respective merits .…
4 pages (1004 words)