Review of the first article Human resource management is thought of as a recent development which is directed at reshaping the relationships of employees. It can be considered as a tool that has replaced the conventional traditions in the field of management like industrial relations and personnel management. Human resource management is an evolving field that tackles complexities in the organizations. Human resource management is characterized as hard or soft because of its association with the business performance and strategy that has caused a thematic divide between the practices grounded in conventional methods such as personnel management and the modern management of human resource. Ivo (2006) wrote an article to explore the best perspectives about the field of human resource management. In the first section of the article, the author has made an attempt to generate a holistic understanding of the field of human resource management on the basis of various perspectives in management. The author has fundamentally identified three systems of management to achieve this, namely closed or scientific management, semi open system or human relations, and the contingency system or the open system. In the second section, the author has tried to interpret human resource management in the form of a framework by thinking of it as a style. This interpretation makes it easy to perceive the hard and soft type of human resource management stylized as the utilitarian instrumentalism and developmental humanism respectively. The second section basically discusses human resource management in terms of a new discipline of management, a restatement of personnel management, a strategic function or a management discipline that is resource based. In the third section, the author has assessed the effect of human resource management upon the strategy, performance and outcome with the help of the Michigan, Harvard, Choice and Guest models. The author highlights the merits of the Choice model for effective management of human resource. The fourth section considers senior manager in the role of a choice maker. To achieve this, the author has made use of the Japanese model of human resource management. The fifth section constitutes the conclusion in which the author has recapitulated the use of human resource management in the contemporary market as advocated by the literature. For the purpose of understanding the perceptions of human resource management, the researcher has primarily conducted a comprehensive literature review in which, he has studied and compared the findings of past researches. Finally, the author has summarized the research findings. The field of human resource management is very wide and researchers need to explore various aspects of it in order to generate a sound understanding for use by human resource professionals. Although the effects of human resource management on employment and value creation have been sufficiently studied, there is little knowledge about the characteristics and developmental strategies of human resource management. The findings of research conducted by Ivo (2006) are very useful for the IHRM practice in the real world. The author has particularly placed huge emphasis on the comparison between human resource management and the conventional management practices that have been in place for decades like personnel management. Obtaining correct understanding of human resource
Review of academic journal articles Human resource professionals assume a key role in the organization. They are placed in such position that their strategies, policies and activities directly influence everybody in the hierarchy of the organization structure…
Ever since Human Resource Management has become an important concern for the organization, volumes have been written on managing human resources. Two of the important works are discussed here that tell us how organizations maintain industrial relations and carry out the functions of recruitment and selection of employees from other countries to meet the goals of the organizations at cheaper costs.
This leadership article has reviewed the empirical and conceptual developments of the instructional leadership model. The author of this article states that the effectiveness of a leadership model is linked to the external environment and the local context of a school.
In their article, the authors present how many firms are adopting social media in marketing because it has potential strength in determining the rate at which a firm is likely to grow. Many firms, especially in the marketing departments apply social media to communicate relevant and accurate information, regarding their products and services.
The goal of the study is to bring light to the facts that never have been appreciated much and not given much attention to regarding taxes and duties in Latin America. The world’s highest tariffs were in Latin America. Tariffs there were high long before the start of the Great Depression.
Summary Owing to legislation that prohibits gender discrimination, and the collective efforts of organizations that promote equality, women have been successful to a great extent in getting equal treatment with their male counterparts in the workplace (Hoeber 2007).
The discussion gradually moves towards the spread of the use of tariffs for other modes of transport such as roads and railways. The article also mentions at a number of places about the defects in the system during those years when the amount of payment was based on willingness rather than on the use of a standard and well-defined system.
The paper operates in two dimensions. To begin with, it analyzes explorative against exploitative strategies. Secondly, it analyzes collaborative versus solitary strategies. It further merges these two dimensions that give rise to four compartments of the
r discrimination in the present day workforce, it does not present ways in which the intrinsic issues that differ in almost every other case of discrimination can be dealt with.
Owing to legislation that prohibits gender discrimination, and the collective efforts of