Bureaucracy refers to a system of legislative leadership, in which most of the state decision are carried out by a group of officials rather than elected councils. Examining the key elements of bureaucracy provided by Weber and probing the aspect of goal displacement by Robert…
These concepts include, hierarchy, jurisdictional competency, command and control, technical expertise, and system of rules, and written documentation.
An organizational hierarchy is the “arrangement of the organization by level of authority” in reference to the ranks above and below it (Grimsley 2014, para. 6). This therefore implies that in bureaucracy, there is existence of certain levels of authority ranging from the top level management to the normal employees. For instance, in a company a sales marketing director is below the overall chief executive officer (C.E.O), at the same level with the advertising marketing director and above the secretary. Therefore, this system dictates that each level should answer to the rank above it with the ultimate leader of the company at the very top of the hierarchy.
Jurisdictional competency is another key concept of bureaucracy. Fundamentally, huge roles are broken down into smaller and simpler tasks which are then assigned to employees throughout the organization. This division of labor across the organization enables employees to master the skills and details of repetitive duties thereby increasing efficiency. However, though the division of labor could be highly proficient, “it can lead to a number of harmful organizational pathologies” (Rockman 2013, para. 5). This implies that division of labor could at times turn out to be ineffective due to a number of reasons. For instance, employees can be unable to adequately respond to problems outside their areas of jurisdiction, and may approach them from their own perspective. This could lead to an overall destruction of the organization’s performance.
Command and control is another key feature of bureaucracy that weber discussed. Due to the fact that a bureaucratic authority is organized hierarchically, “responsibility is taken at the top and delegated with decreasing discretion at the lower levels of the organization” (Rockman 2013, para. ...
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They present to the mind indelible encounters with rigid and insensitive clerks, standing in long queues and long, difficult forms. Seemingly, all bureaucracies share related characteristics, including hierarchical organization, specialization, and formal rules.
Negative aspects of the organizations having this type of structure are mostly neglected. We can start our analysis of the topic from theory presented by Weber (Weber & Andreski, 1983). This theory is considered as a land mark in organizational structure made from bureaucracy as it fundamental concept.
Second, Weber outlined the capacity of individuals to have control over other. History has showed several instances of charismatic power in the likes of Hitler and Pope John Paul II (Baum, 1987). The final idea of Weber (1958) concentrated on legal and rational authority, which indicates that formally written rules held certain individuals to assume powerful positions.
rs, we should all be witness to, and participate in, the end of bureaucracy and the rise of new social systems better able to cope with twentieth-century demands”.
The term bureaucracy is generally used to refer to hierarchical structure of the workforce and management of an
Bureaucracies have been criticized for obstinacy, perplexity and inefficiency. Excessive bureaucracy’s dehumanizing influence formed a major theme in Franz Kafka’s work. In modern managerial theory, unnecessary
The author of the text casts light upon the phenomenon of bureaucracy. Notably, the first classic feature of an ideal type of bureaucracy is the formal hierarchical structure where each level controls that which is below it. To be precise, this is the basis of central planning and centralized decision-making.
About bureaucracy, usually, the people in leadership are not the ones chosen or elected by the public. Also, their day to day performance is evaluated since they report to their immediate boss, hence no bias opinions unlike in an anti-bureaucratic system where the people in leadership can place their relatives in any requested unit.
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