The first and the foremost factor that affects an organisation in its smooth functioning is the structure that exists there. The organizational structure is “an externally caused phenomenon, an outcome rather than an artefact.” Different types of structures of organisations have been identified to exist. Classically, there are two kinds of structure— Hierarchical Structure and Flat structure. Hierarchical form of structure is referred to that organization where every entity except one, is a subordinate to one entity. Flat Structure is that organisation where there are very few or no levels of intervening management between staff and managers. Furthermore, new forms of structure have since evolved. They are Functional Structure, where employees within the functional divisions of an organization perform a particular set of tasks, leading to operational efficiencies in that group. However, it might result in lack of communication between the functional groups within the firm, making it slow and inflexible. The other one is Product Structure where all the organizational functions are brought together into a division which contains all the required resources and functions. However, Matrix Structure groups employees by both function and product. It is evident from the case of ‘Watsons’ that their structure is strictly hierarchical with very low flexibility. The Managing Director Gordon Watson takes little interest of the activities on shop floor, and is set to be followed by current Operations Director John Smith, a long-standing friend of Gordon’s. Under this structure hardly any coordination exists between different functions of business. New and innovative ideas from Ahmed Khan, the production manager, are difficult to implement because of immobility of staff on the shop floor between different machines. Also, some of the staff is under-worked while the others are overburdened. Ahmed Khan’s proposed changes in favour of new computerised production process and shop-floor activities to be organised into multi-skilled, self-managed teams are also lost in disrupted channels of communication. The Marketing Department that handle customer liaison hardly communicates with anyone
Different organisations employ different methods of leadership and management, influenced by various factors prevailing in the workplace. These factors include the structure of the company, the culture that exists there, trade unions, the attitude of the leaders and how they motivate their employees. …
Various models have been developed to conceptualize management, yet managers and business owners experience dilemma trying to cope with profit creation or motivation of employees, choosing predominantly the former. Therefore, some are involved in bullying other employees in the lower ranks
There are some organizations that follow the traditional approaches and there are some others who are always ready to face the challenges with the new approaches to reconstruct the organizational structure to keep up with the pace in the business environment.
In an increasingly competitive environment organizations are facing challenges in managing their businesses effectively. The need to grow in such an environment is very important in order to sustain profitability but at the same time, these challenges are pulling companies back. These challenges include innovation and organizational structure.
Watsons Engine is characterized as a small ownership company focusing mainly on the production of automobile parts. The company based in England operates on a total strength of around 200 employees. Furthermore, Watsons Engine operates in a very conservative manner depending on a system of organizational hierarchies consisting of managerial, operational and other administrative departments.
The role a good leader and mangers can play in an organizational success and lastly the various issues related to organizational culture, values and working environment. The pros and cons of every aspect are identified and the cases of the two companies are judged on this identification.
Introduction Organizations and Management is an important subject area. Through the subject area, it is possible for us to see the effect of organisational structure and design on employee or group member performance. It is also possible to see how values, organisational culture, and mission can contribute to the overall performance.
Elements such as organisational design and structure, teams and team working, approach to leadership and management as well as organisational culture play a pivotal role in determining the extent to which an organisation can effectively operate in order to gain a competitive advantage as well as to remain viable in the face of changes constantly taking place in the environment.
Training involves taking employees through courses that end up instilling in them relevant skills that enable a firm to meet its set goals. Development on the other hand entails equipping employees with skills that enable them to meet personal goals.
The release of certain information, under the 2000 Freedom of Information Act, might harm international relationships. The publication of other information might influence the conduct of talks. An instance is what transpired when Wikileaks published emails and internal memos that seemed to criticise allies of the United States.