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Introduction to Criminal Law and Legal studies (CRIMINOLOGY) - Essay Example

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Introduction to Criminal Law and Legal studies (CRIMINOLOGY)

........................................................................................... Level............................................................................................................................................. Assignment No. ....................................................................................................……………………………...... Assignment Task ...................................................................................................................................................... Chosen topic ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Required words...............................................Actual words..................................................... Date due....................................................................................................................................... Date submitted............................................................................................................................ Introduction In criminology, the term “ACTUS Reus” typically refers to the behavior comprising an offense, in addition to any necessary situations or consequences of the behavior. In addition, the conduct constituting the offence must comprise a deliberate act. In case a consequence is an offense constituent, evidence of the ACTUS Reus necessitates evidence that the person's behavior and the product stand in a certain relation, with regard to the principle of causation. This simply means that the behavior must have caused the outcome. Generally, this means that an accused person remains not guilty as long as the jury does not prove beyond reasonable doubt that he or she caused the ACTUS Reus. On the other hand, this interpretation in terms of conduct does not apply to every offence. In this regard, an individual may be liable of committing an offence even when there was no such an act by the individual. The jury or the prosecutor may base the responsibility upon an omission to carry out a legal task of which the person is actually capable. Moreover, the prosecutor may base the liability upon an individual’s knowing control of contraband for a phase adequate to end the control. In this regard, these components are part of the ACTUS Reus of the crimes (Robinson, 1999, p. 7). Carson (2009, p. 80) asserts that ACTUS Reus tends to be the foundation for investigating an offense, both in practice and in premise. For example if an individual reports to the police that an outsider has taken something from them, the police are likely to start thinking regarding theft. However, despite the police interpreting the occasion as theft for purposes of investigation, they might change that proposition when they get more details concerning the actual occurrence. This indicates that the ACTUS Reus of a crime often comprise doctrines of various aspects of the offence. These include the principles of voluntary act, causation, omission, control, situation, result elements and behavior (p. 7). In addition, the features of the ACTUS Reus necessities are not all actions or even objective in nature. For instance, a situation element for instance, “being married in bigamy or trespass without license” of a crime might be completely abstract. In fact, ACTUS ...Show more

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