Global Organizations and Nation States - Essay Example
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Extract of sample Global Organizations and Nation States
This essay explores the main part of the neoliberal economic ideology, which forces these countries to follow free-market policies, reduce government intervention, privatization and decreasing the size of the public sector, liberalization, reducing trade barriers, elimination of subsidies, reduced protection of the domestic industries, currency devaluation, and others. Despite the fact that these policies have appeared to be working for many developed countries, evidence shows that it has been disastrous for the poor and third world countries, which actually seek a loan from IMF and World Bank. Critics of these international organizations believe that these organizations are actually Washington controlled and headed by the developed countries of the world. Important here to note is that the United States and other European countries ran out of their resources decades ago. Furthermore, their domestic markets are past the point of saturation and low population growth rates mean that their dream for aggressive growth cannot be fulfilled. The only possible way in which they could sustain or even continue their growth is by trying to exploit the resources of the third world countries, which are rich in natural resources but do not have the tools and the expertise to make use of them. International organizations such as International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization was the clear answer. These organizations, headed and controlled by a few developed countries, allow them to force the third world and underdeveloped countries of the world to open their markets, deprotect their industries, and reduce the government intervention. Important here to note is that in case of a majority of the African and South Asian countries, these policies have never worked.
This paper is an attempt to explore briefly the impact of global organizations such as IMF and World Bank on the domestic policies of countries of its affiliation. The paper will achieve the same by presenting examples, theory and some facts…
On the other hand, the hypothetical differentiation involving the two is of vital consideration (Sarmah 3). State people are law-structured in a specific territory. There are four elements that constitute a state: populace, territory, government and sovereignty.
The paper will achieve the same by presenting examples, theory and some facts. Discussion Important here to understand is that IMF and World Bank use an extremely effective tool and that is “debt”. Debt allows the lender to get hold of the debtor’s resources, raw materials, infrastructure, and others on the cheapest possible terms.
As of 2009 there were 2.6 million new cases of HIV worldwide. UNAIDS is stepping up its efforts to reduce this number by identifying tools which can be utilized the spread of HIV and leading efforts towards a HIV-prevention revolution.
MODERN INSTITUTIONS-NATION STATE Characteristics of Nation States An example of a nation is that of the Quebecois of the Quebec province of Canada. This is because it has an official language (French), and a culture distinct from the rest of Canada. (www.
Great steps have been notable in the matters of infant mortality rate, life expectancy and the general reduced mortality rates because of better health care as compared with the yester years. Great steps in reforming the medical system as we have it today in the United States dates back from the first quarter of the twentieth century where reformist took shape of the system to protect workers from wage losses as well as the escalating medical costs.
The terms of reference include: (i) to assess available scientific and socio-economic information on climate change and its impacts and on the options for mitigating climate change and adapting to it and (ii) to provide, on request, scientific/ technological/socio-economic advice to the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Established in 1988 by World Meteorological Organisation and United Nations Environmental Program, the IPCC has been designed as an inter-governmental body that should assess the existing scientific knowledge on the causes and impacts of climate change and options for adaptation and mitigation.
An understanding of the legal environment is important for global organizations in today's globalization. Since standardization and homogeneity is pursued by the globalized market in which nations compete liberally, there is a need for global organizations to sustain this standardization within a competitive framework.
The nation-state is the model of political and social existence and has become the standard and unavoidable form of political and social organization. Roderick Barman emphasized that it is a polity admitting no external control or authority over its actions and
According to the author of the paper, non-commercial global organizations fall into either of two categories: nongovernmental and intergovernmental organizations. In terms of their type, every global organization experiences change from time to time, which needs to be managed effectively if the organization was to achieve their goals.
11 pages (2750 words)Research Paper
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