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Principles of Management - Essay Example

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Gandhi, Abraham Lincon and Napolean are examples of great leadership that led their nations forward (Ricketts). There is however, considerable debate as to what constitutes inspiring and motivating leadership. The usual suspects are personality traits, which are further subdivided into five traits, nurturing, and training, environment and heredity (Maddock and Fulton). Some of the key ingredients necessary for leadership in the new age are vision and the ability to handle new situations and adapt aptly (Maddock and Fulton). Furthermore, the presence of charisma and a good feel elicits positive responses necessary to bring about change. While one may have the personality traits, he must also understand what motivates employees and subjects and how their motivation can be aligned with the goals of the organization. The ability to empathize with the employees is one of the key factors that determine the quality and success of leaders (Freeman and Stoner). While we shall discuss what motivates employees in detail, a key motivation factor is the kind of work they are doing. This is where the leadership’s role to identify what is best for each individual employee comes into play. We shall now analyze the key characteristics that define a leader and how leadership can motivate employees, we shall also discuss how poor leadership can dampen employee morale and impact the organization negatively. The Role of Leaders:- Leadership is different to management and the differentiating factor is the role of charisma. Leadership and management are two completely different phenomenon and most individuals do not exceed at both simultaneously. Organizations today need to breed leadership rather than waiting for a leader to come along (Gallos). It is also important that while nurturing leadership, management skills and tactics are kept intact. The importance of vision and a clear sense of direction into the long term goals of the organization cannot be underplayed at any stage. This is what differentiates the functional leaders from the visionary leaders. While functional leaders have expertise on the day to day operations and efficiency oriented goals of the company, visionary leaders look beyond the obvious and identify opportunities that can shape up the future of the company (Gallos). A key ingredient of successful leadership is charisma. A leader with charisma and vocal strength can move the emotions of the audience in his favor and elicit favorable responses. A prime example of a charismatic leader is the incumbent US President Barack Obama. Throughout his election campaign, his speeches moved audiences and turned skeptics into believers (Maddock and Fulton). Many believe that only a man of his charisma could have achieved so much despite the circumstances. Trait Leadership:- The theory of trait leadership asserts that there are certain inborn characteristics that define whether an individual has the capacity to lead an organization/country successfully. Several counter arguments and theories have arisen over the years; however this perception continues to pervade the society. Although traits themselves do not define leadership, they play an important role in the leadership equation (Ricketts). Individuals with the following traits are said to perform better as leaders than others:- 1) Sociability:- Sociability allows leaders to interact ...Show more

Summary

Table of Contents Introduction 2 The Role of Leaders 2 Trait Leadership 3 How Leaders Motivate 5 Types of Motivation 6 Motivating Employees 3 Fallout of Poor Leadership 7 Conclusion 8 Introduction:- In a highly competitive global business and sociopolitical environment, leaderships plays a huge role in drawing motivating responses that can trigger progress and growth for organizations and countries alike…
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