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The Importance of Market Segmentation - Essay Example

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The Importance of Market Segmentation

It’s a financial situation where if your advertising is all over the place, without proper focus, you will spend much more money in areas you where you don’t need to. It affects the return in investment (ROI) negatively. The reason why anyone is in business is to make money and reduce losses on all levels (Boone, Kurtz 1999, p. 229). There are two types of products in marketing: consumer products that the general public buy, and business products which are created for the needs of other businesses. A good example would be a company that buys rubber to create tires. Tires can be purchased for the family car (consumer) or tires can be purchased by a car manufacturing plant to put on their automobiles (business). The marketing will be different for both groups with the first group getting literature that says what a great ride one will experience while driving with these tires. That is business to consumer marketing. The other group produces literature which outlines all the technical details such as available tire sizes, rubber density, tread patterns, testing results and other statistical information that most consumers could care less about. This type of literature is business to business marketing ((Boone, Kurtz 1999, p. 229). ...
Four common bases in segmentation are geographic, demographic, psychographic and product-related groupings. The next step is the strategic issue of which segment should be selected, and the following conditions should be met: One where the maximum differential in competitive strategy can be developed; Capable of being isolated out so competitive advantage is preserved; Must be valid even though imitated (Jain, 1997, p. 117). Geographic Segmentation Geographic segmentation deals with location of population most interested and likely to purchase a certain product or service because of where they live. Much of this can be determined through census and job growth data over several year or decades to view qualified patterns that match the criteria for the marketing direction of a product or service (Boone, Kurtz 1999, p. 232). The United States government currently classifies urban data using three specific categories: the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) which is a freestanding central urban area of 50,000 or more in population, with 100,000 in total MSA; the Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA) which incorporates the largest cities in the U.S. and must include two or more MSA; and the Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (PMSA) which covers urban counties with social and economic ties to CMSAs. Other factors in geographical segmentation are climate, local food habits, and also determining where competitors are located and how they will affect the market plan. The Geographic Information System (GIS) as one can find on Google Maps, is one example of finding where your competitors are (Boone, Kurtz 1999, p. 234). Demographic Segmentation The study of demographics relates to age, sex, income, education, occupation, household size, all of which ...Show more

Summary

The Importance of Market Segmentation Institution Introduction The market for any company selling its goods or services, are the qualified consumers who want the service and product to begin with. Qualified customers and potential customers are known as the segment which the marketing plan and research analysis results has determined how the product is to be made or the service designed…
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