Behaviorism Theory in learning considers observation on behaviors of students. Learning takes place when there is an increase in behaviors considered positive and reduction in behaviors considered negative. The theory compares mind to muscle and that they both benefits from exercise (Schoenfeld, 2013). In this theory, learning results from direct interaction with the environment. The theory uses rewards as reinforcements for good behavior and punishment for those having undesired behaviors.
Cognitive learning theory explains how a person perceives information from the environment to the cognitive part of the brain. Cognitive theory considers the ability of human to be conscious of their thoughts. The information modifies the cognitive part in the brain to meet the environmental demands (Hoyles & Lagrange, 2010). The theory looks at the thinking and cognitive development depending on ages. As a child grows, the cognitive development also occurs through equilibration and understanding of concepts. In equilibration process, an individual balance both the ability to assimilate and accommodate new information.
In constructivism theory of learning, the students or personal understanding of a concept that is independent of the other. In this mode of learning, a teacher does not lecture or transfer mathematical knowledge but provide students with situations to make mental constructions on their own (Instructional design, 2015). The constructivism theory encourages dialog in learning between students and teachers. How individuals acquire knowledge becomes the focus in this theory. It purports that challenges and questions lead to acquiring knowledge in learning mathematics through engagement in problem solving and the environment. The aim of this theory is to improve teaching and learning in classes through engagement of both students and teachers. This theory model faces challenge in creating situations that support students’ explanation while at the
Some of the theories are also applicable in learning other subjects. The help in understanding how students acquire knowledge and the best ways…
In essence, it is a process that focuses as to how an individual acquires, interprets, understands and translates information. This process is further identified through learning theories (Vosniadou, 2001). Learning theories are formulated to help explain and elaborate on the process of how people, are animals, learn.
As a teacher, I see to it that learners are well motivated, the environment is conducive for learning, students are relaxed and comfortable, and they receive enough time to rehearse and apply the concepts or skills learned. Putting all these considerations together, I would say that I combine three approaches to learning. These approaches include behaviorism, constructivism, and cognitivism. However, I lay more emphasis on behaviorism because it guides me in my classroom management. There cannot be any learning if a classroom is not managed.
Behaviorism is an important approach in educating younger students. Young learners may sometimes be unmanageable especially when they are left on their own (Casas, 2011). In teaching, behaviorists usually lay down the rules to the students at the beginning of the year.
This process of adoption to the changes and the search for the better ways to perform tasks has not been exhausted; rather it is still going on. However, it is a matter of fact that its pace has been increased drastically as a result of the continuous and rapid evolution of technology.
In this paper, I have tried to incorporate this very philosophy in presenting a sample lesson on integration through a diverse range of questions, all aimed at keeping the students involved, and to develop their own innovative ideas.
There are several theories that attempted to explain and conceptualize the process of human learning. The following theories are based on the psychology's schools of thought, which are Behaviorism, Social, Humanistic and Cognitive. In this paper, I have chosen to research and contrast two learning theories in application to teaching and learning photography.
Constructivism is another theory that deals with learning through real life example. It mainly deals with teaching creativity and innovation as well as ensures that it instils several intelligences such as visual spatial, logical mathematical, interpersonal
This research will begin with the statement that decimals have a significant role in interpretation of ration numbers. Conversely, they are considered as important sources of learning complexity in children. Many children face difficulties in ordering decimals, scale reading and operating with decimals.