This has worked to turn the legal system quite mechanical and the concept of crime that is seen with fear and disdain and not a social disease that has to be attacked from the roots. This paper examines the view that criminology should adopt a studious stance on the fact that the events of crime should not be considered as those that need just a structured meting out of justice to the perpetrator but that each crime event should be proactively viewed as an event that is caused by underlying social forces and equations that have given rise to root factors for its perpetration. Only when such a view is taken will the present criminal justice system emerge towards effective elimination or reduction of the crime from our society.
There has been tremendous interest of late into the political, social and commercial realities of the victims of crime. This is encompassed within a broad ranging view concerning the changing role of victims within the criminal justice process, their needs and rights, as well as victimological theories which help to explain and understand the process of victimization. In tandem to this there has been a parallel interest in the political, social and commercial realities of the perpetrators of the crime which lead to a set of factors that spurred the happening of the crime events. ...
Different criminal justice systems the world over have different core orientations. For instance, the US criminal justice system views itself as following a "systems" approach to criminal justice, with improved coordination among law enforcement, courts, and correctional agencies.(Walker,1992) The 1967 President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice termed the criminal justice system as the means for society to "enforce the standards of conduct necessary to protect individuals and the community".(President's,1967) The criminal justice system in the United Kingdom ,on the other hand, focuses on the post crime concepts of the quantum and justice meted out and the quality of such justice and has the objective of crime reduction " by bringing more offences to justice, and to raise public confidence that the system is fair and will deliver for the law-abiding citizen."(Criminal Justice) Whereas in the neighboring nation to the US i.e. Canada, the criminal justice system has been oriented and balanced to attain the goals of crime control and prevention, and dispensation of predefined justice (equity, fairness, protection of individual rights) (Schmolka) A British counterpart in Europe, i.e. in the Sweden, the focused goal for the criminal justice system is to reduce crime and increase the security of the people. (Criminal Justice) The aims of the Swedish criminal justice system seem to be more aligned to the theme of this paper than the other criminal justice systems cited.
For instance the social status of women has a been a very popular argument in crime events involving rape. This is the orientation of the crime of rape in which there is a shift of focus towards the plight and role of victims and the