StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Human Resource Management in UK and USA - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Human Resource Management in UK and USA

Some academics believe that, yes, it is a new approach which differs itself from the traditional personnel and industrial relations management by means of integration. On the other hand, many other academics view HRM as simply new terminology which describes the next stage of the evolutionary process of people management, that it is evolutionary rather than revolutionary. However, it is undoubtedly true and agreed upon that the 1980's is most defiantly the era at which HRM, whatever its meaning, began to emerge, and, that there has been US influence in this emergence.
The US has helped shape and influence UK opinion. A large part of this influence is taken from the academic literature which is exemplified in the production of theoretical models. Models such as the Harvard model by Beer and Spector (1985) influenced UK academics such as Guest (1987, 1989) who produced his own model. An important feature drawn from the work of Guest, and others, is the notion of 'hard' and 'soft' HRM . Hard versions of HRM place emphasis on:
Soft HRM would appear to be more synonymous with service industries, where the product is generally intangible, customers often receive an experience provided by the 'human resource,' thus commitment is sought. The human resource is perhaps more valuable, their impact greater and they may not be as easily replaced as perhaps a production operative in the manufacturing industry.
Hard HRM relates back to the human relations movement from where personnel management can claim some of its origins and presents workers as a commodity, a resource to be exploited:
"to be used dispassionately and in a formal rational manner" (Storey, 1992, 26).
Hard HRM reflects the capitalist tradition, operating against workers' interests with no significance regarded to their well being, exploitation being paternalist and benevolent (Guest, 1999).
"Essentially workers are simply resources to be squeezed and disposed of as business requirements dictate" (Guest, 1999, 6).

Hard HRM evidently shows no distinguishable features pointing towards an initiative seeking to increase efficiency and control by effective use of the human asset. Prime example of hard HRM is human asset accounting / utility analysis which calculates in monitory terms the value of an organisations human assets. Proponents of the approach are of the opinion that:
" General managers and human resource decision makers need to be trained to think quantitatively about human resource interventions to be able to determine where investments in human capital are necessary to contribute to the organisations bottom line. Utility analysis is a tool that can help make this happen" (Sturman, 2003, 106).

Monks (1998) states:
"in the wrong hands HRM becomes both a sharp weapon to prise workers apart from their union and a blunt instrument to bully workers" (Monks, 1998) (cited by Guest, 1999).

Legge (1995) is very critical of hard HRM viewing it as the simple re-asserting of ...Show more

Summary

During the last quarter of the 20th Century (specifically the 1980s), HRM arrived in the UK, having originated in the US". Identify and explain those factors that led to the rise of this concept in the UK at this time.
Stating that HRM 'arrived' in the UK during the last quarter of a century beginning in the 1980's, having originated in the US is a controversial statement which immediately opens academic debate…
Author : brenda28
Human Resource Management in UK and USA essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Human Resource Management in UK and USA"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Human resource management UK
The best practices observed in regards to the employment sector of United Kingdom are conducted based on the Fair Employment legislations pertaining in the region. These happenings of redundancy are often related to the degradation of the productivity factor of the employees.
19 pages (4750 words) Essay
Human Resource Management
It consists of a set of policies developed to maximize and improve organizational integration, flexibility, commitment and the overall quality of work, within the organization (Guest, 1987). Bratton & Gold (2003) defines HRM as "A strategic approach to managing employment relations which emphasizes that leveraging people's capabilities is critical to achieving sustainable competitive advantage, this being achieved through a distinctive set of integrated employment policies, programmes and practices." The above definition explains that human resource management does not only include recruitment, pay, controlling but in involves maximizing the potential of organization human capital in a more
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
International human resource management
The main challenge in the IHRM is that it should achieve two conflicting objectives at the same time. Firstly the Human Resource Management (HRM) practices and policies should be integrated across all the subsidiaries in the different countries in such a way that the overall objective of the organization is also achieved.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
20th century human resource management
Human resource management is related to employees. Their training; recruitment, interview and selection; labor relations, performance appraisal, wage and salary administration, equal employment opportunity, occupational health and safety act, personnel records management, quality of work life.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Human Resource Management: technology
With effective HRM, corporate culture and new forms of organising (NFO), Fremap is able to satisfy customers, compete successfully, grow the business, conduct operations, and achieve corporate goals. According to Joan Enric Ricart, a professor of Business Policy, Sandra Sieber and Silviya Svejenova, doctoral candidates of the IESE Business School at University Navarra in Spain, there are various forces that affect the acceleration of competitive change: increased globalisation, time-based competition, continuous short-cycle innovation, and technological change.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
International Human Resource Management
The research is aimed to explore the influence of change on IHRM policy and the role of cultural diversity in international organisations as well as the methods used by international managers in order to manage human resources within international organisations; to explore functional requirement of HRM in the international arena.
15 pages (3750 words) Essay
International human resource management
How are and how should people be managed Effective employee management is a major determinant of organizational success. The people doing the work are the major operating cost for nearly all organizations. People are also increasingly the key source of competitive advantage or effective operation.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Human Resource Management in UK
Certainly it is true that, regardless of the meaning taken and practise exhibited, the actual terminology and ideology became more prominent in the UK from the 1980's onwards. This trend was certainly influenced by the people management activities across the Atlantic in the USA.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Human Resource Management
As an Equal Opportunity Employer, Linea Aqua is committed to meeting the spirit as well as the letter of the law (Gordon, Philpot &
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
International Human Resource Management
Chinese people are habituated in power indifference that means, Inequalities in authority distribution is usual in this country. The
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation