Reign of Terror in the French Revolution

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The Reign of Terror is one of the saddest and darkest chapters in the history of France. It is because of the cruelty and the unparalleled fear it generated and because it involved annihilation of Frenchmen by Frenchmen. France was deeply divided: Girondists versus Jacobins, clergy versus anticlergy, monarchists versus republicans and each wanted to get the upper hand by hook or by crook and when the republicans , using mob power in the Fall of Bastille, the women's march to Versailles palace and the storming of the Tuilleries palace and thus ending the Bourbon monarchy, they made sure that France would be drenched in blood…

Introduction


The Reign of Terror was the piece de resistance of the French Revolution (1789-1799) and shook the whole of Europe especially Europe's surrounding monarchies. When the haze of smoke of violence settled down, more than 40,000 Frenchmen were guillotined and more died by brutal means such as drowning i.e. 3,500 were victims of mass drowning termed as noyades in Nantes1 and death by mob lynching. The most celebrated head shown to the jeering, cheering mob belonged to Queen Marie Antoinette, the daughter of Queen Maria Theresa of Austria and the sister of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. Earlier in that fateful year 1793, her husband, King Louis XVI was butchered via the guillotine for alleged crime of treason together with all those perceived to be "enemies of the revolution". The latter were either guillotined or mass executed by firing squad without due process of law2 . Most of the victims were those from
The Reign of Terror was also marked by dechristianization as Christianity was banned temporarily, a result of massive sentiment by the 'enragees' or extremists3 ...
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