StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Rice Industry in Burma during Colonialism - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Rice Industry in Burma during Colonialism

Private merchant companies served as the instrument of expansion - these were the English East-Indian company (1600) and the Dutch East-Indian company (1602), having gained monopolistic rights from their governments to have trade relations with Asian countries. By the middle of the 16th century, Portuguese have been almost pushed away from their Asian possessions, while the English and the Dutch became masters of the biggest territory of Southern and Eastern Asia. (Wilson)
'Asian countries have always been known as the main producers and exporters of rice and during the colonial era Burma became the main world center of cultivation and exporting rice.' (Frank, 2002, p. 261)
At the beginning of the 19th century Burma attracted the English not only by its strategic location, but by its raw materials, and the abundance of rice and teak. After the second English - Burma war of 1852-53, the English gained the control on the Lower Burma, which was hardly populated at the time, and only 5% of the land, suitable for cultivation, was used for agriculture. This very region was going to become the new granary of the whole Burma, and thus, a big economic center. (Frank, 2002, p. 259)
The English made huge investments into the development of the region, they built roads, performed reforms and innovations, the laws, concerning land taxes and the use of the land, were changed. Immigrants from India, Upper Burma and other countries were attracted by the new beneficial conditions of work there. But for twenty years (1852-1872) the flow of immigrants equaled only 1 million people, which was evidently less than the English had expected, plus the settlers didn't stay at one place for long. At the end of the 19th century there was the lack of working force in Burma, its cost was 2-3 times higher than this of India, which caused import of techniques and machinery together with the cheap Indian working force. (Frank, 2002, p. 240)
In the middle of the 1870s as the cause of English agricultural policy, the situation changed: big territories were constantly worked, and at that time the Lower, and not the Upper, 'Burma became the rice granary; there was a rapid growth of raw rice production, which caused the increase of the number of rice mills. It is already at the end of 1850s, that the English began modernization of Burma's rice industry.' (Twanghmung, 2003, p. 300) In 1859 the first steam rice mill was put into operation in the Basin. In 1867 there appeared two automatic rice mills in Akyaba and Rangoon. By the end of 1870 there were 20 rice mills in Burma, only two of which were producing the white rice, others being concentrated at rice-cargo production. By 1894 there were already 54 rice mills in Burma, twenty-one of them being located in Rangoon, while others 26 were situated not far from Akyaba.
"The industry of Burma at that time looked more like small primitive production. The most developed were the extractive and food branches. But during the era of English colonialism, Burma became the main producer and exporter of rice in the world." (Brown, 2005, p. 28)
There are two different opinions as for the influence of the British colonialism on the rice industry of Burma. One of them states, that the influence of Britain was beneficial for the population of Burma, making it a progressive and industrial country (Twanghmung, 2003 ...Show more

Summary

The work will be devoted to the discussion of the rice industry in Asian countries, and in Burma in particular, as having been one of the British colonies in Asia, and the influence of colonialism itself, and the rice industry, in particular, on the economy and culture of the colonial and ruling countries.
Author : elinore77
Rice Industry in Burma during Colonialism essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Rice Industry in Burma during Colonialism"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Pre-contact ways of life, changes during contact, and colonialism
At the modern time, projects of sum native populations throughout Canada vary up to 1 million, and there are yet deduces that has placed the figures at as much as 2 million. In this respect, all such projections must be utilized with vigilance; however, what is succinct is that there were large figures of native inhabitant across the western hemisphere, as well as European and European American and Canada.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Colonialism
One of the most important controlling aspects that anticipated the colonization of Africa was the fact that discovery of this ‘dark continent’ had raised. This in fact started towards the last part of the 18th century, “as explorers set out on their quest to discover Timbuktu and the Niger River” (Meredith, 2006).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Free Trade during Colonialism vs. Free Trade during Globalization
Free trade during colonialism and free trade during globalization have lot of similarities and differences in principles and practices. It should be noted that during colonialism, colonial powers encouraged free trade to safeguard their interests alone whereas at present or during globalization period, free trade is encouraged by all countries because of its potentials to rejuvenate the economy of countries irrespective of rich or poor.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Great Basin: precontact life ways, changes during contact, and colonialism
The Tribes of the Great Basin region had to adapt to this environment in order to survive. The tribes that comprised of the Shoshoni, the Ute, Paiute, Bannock, and the Gosiute shared common traditions. They even intermarried as was the case among the Shoshoni and the Bannock.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Rice Industry in Burma during Colonialism
It should be started from the general characteristics of colonial period in Asia, which was started in the 16th century by Portuguese, and was continued through the 17th and 18th centuries by England and Holland, and was not interrupted until the middle of the 19th century with the process of getting independence by the ex-colonial states.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
8:Great plains:precontact life ways, changes during contact, and colonialism
The ways of life then was very admirable something that even the people today given a chance would love to emulate. In the pre-contact period the Great Plains was a beautiful place not for its vast admirable grassland
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
7: southeast: precontact life ways, changes during contact, and colonialism
However, in order to maintain focus and clarity in the discussion, this paper will be divided into three parts. The first part will give a brief introduction on the Indians of the Southeast by
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Colonialism
Though there existed other factors like culture in the colonization process, economic and religious reasons pushed the major colonizers to acquire lands in the New World (Mignolo and Ennis, 2001). For example,
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Colonialism
Some interests that differ from national interests, i.e. the industrialized interest makes it hard to recite the scripts. Three key forces, i.e. direct colonization, defensive modernization and
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Colonialism
However this is what eventually took place and it can as such be argued that the PereyaslavskaRada was the very beginning of the huge colonial tragedy that affected the Ukrainian People and Culture (Subtelny, 2009). The
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation