StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Technological advances in criminal identification procedures - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Technological advances in criminal identification procedures

DNA analysis is more specific, as each set of nucleic acid in each person is unique. In addition, as DNA from one person's body cell is identical in each cell in the body of that person, a cell sample can be obtained from any part of that person's body. Thus, persons can be identified by referring to a DNA database which compares and matches a person's genetic information other person's DNA profile found in that database (Gans and Urbas, 2002).
DNA analysis still provides limited amounts of information about a person's characteristics though it is believed that in the near future, researches may come up with a better method of DNA analysis (National Institute of Justice 2000, pp. 18-19; van Oorschot et al. 2001). At present, the use of DNA analysis in the judicial system involves comparison of DNA from two origins, for example comparing DNA that came from the location of the crime and that from a criminal (Gans and Urbas, 2002).
Biometrics is the identification method that identifies persons based on their behavior and psychological profile. Often, this method is preferred than others because a person must be present at the identification point at the instance of verification and it eliminates the need for the memorization of passwords and PIN numbers. Biometric profiles increases the level of security by restricting access to that particular person only and can be potentially used in the protection of certain valuables such as ATM cards, cell phones, PCs etc. It has many uses such as for criminology and forensics, but it may have several civilian uses as well in the near future (Ross et al, n.d.).
Aside from not having to memorize keywords or PIN, biometric identification is very accurate and secure, can be done easily and quickly and no documents or paraphernalia is needed to use it ("Biometric identification - advantages", n.d.).
Intra-agency databases for DNA
Intra-agency databases for DNA are actually a collection of DNA records that can be easily accessed by different law enforcement agencies. This will speed up the identification of criminals and solving cases. Law enforcement and other government agencies have been left behind by other sectors in having efficient database systems. This is due to their dependency on public funds, which is often insufficient and/or hastily planned. This lack of a proper criminal identification system slows down or hinders the judicial process. Criminals are aware of this lack of identification system and thus put them at and advantage over the authorities (Schroeder et al, n.d.).
Fingerprint
An Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) analyses, compares and then matches an individual's set of fingerprints against a fingerprint database. This system has various uses including criminal, civilian, electoral, academic purposes etc ("Automated Fingerprint Identification System", 2006).
It is recommended that fingerprint matching be done in two stages namely: "pattern- type combination search" and "minutiae matching". ...Show more

Summary

Ever since, identifying criminals crime has been a very difficult task. But over the last few decades, the advancement in computing system and genetic engineering have increased man's knowledge and ability to speed up the criminal identification process. Some of the tools that are available for law enforcers today include DNA analysis, Biometrics identification, and databases for DNA, Fingerprinting, palm print database, and surveillance systems.
Author : qhartmann
Technological advances in criminal identification procedures essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Technological advances in criminal identification procedures"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Criminal Procedures
The story starts with the detailed description of an abduction, rape and murder of a barwoman named Debra Sue Carter who was only 21 year old and was serving as a cock-tail waitress in the Coachlight Club situated in Ada. Grisham’s book describes the aggressive and misguided conduct and apprehensions of Ada Police and Pontotoc County District Attorney, Bill Peterson who was bestowed the duty to solve the case.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Criminal Procedure as Regards Arrest, Interrogation, and Identification Procedures
Taken in a singular context, the Miranda warning is an easy to understand and straightforward statement. However, when dealing with persons of diminished mental capacity, these statements can be drastically reinterpreted to have different meanings than what were intended, which in turn could have dire consequences for both the accused and any case that the police may have against them.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Technological Advances Health Sciences and Medicine Essay
Uninsured or underinsured, they look upon physicians and hospitals while accessing health care. Technological advances Question 1: “Evaluate at least two different historical perspectives on the delivery of health care in America, How has technology and the lack of developing technology affected these perspectives”?
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Identification Procedures
The paramount concern of a court when deciding the admissibility of pretrial identification procedures is maintaining the constitutional rights of the defendant. It is crucial that the means by which a suspect was identified were not tainted or skewed in any way.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Criminal identification procedures
Up until the latter part of the 20th century, it was common place that criminals were able to escape being found, let alone facing prosecution for their crimes, due to the lack of technological resources available to investigators in their quest to bring unlawful participants to justice.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Technological advances of globalization
Globalization process has begun thousands of years ago when people or corporations started buying and selling each other in distant lands. In fact, several features of the present signal of globalization are comparable to those existed before the start of the 1st world war.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Copyright Law and Technological Advances
Software piracy has proliferated to a great extent, due to latest tools that are easily available. At this juncture, it is very important to protect the rights of owners of such software or any other form of creative work.
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Criminal Identification Procedures in the Twenty-First Century
This is so very important because our police forces and forensic laboratories play a vital front line effort in investigating and protecting us from criminals. In many respects, law
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Technological Advances
TALONS have been updated with latest technology, as they are equipped with chemical, gas, temperature and radiation sensors. PACKBOT, on the other hand, is controlled by a Pentium processor, designed specially to
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation