StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Moral duties - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
Categorical imperative requires reason to dictate the act we are morally obligated to do, one which is motivated by adherence to the consistent principle which could be applied to all and any rational agent. This deontological ethical distinguishes between the moral doctrines of right from that of virtue. Where the first is driven externally to the actor, the other is internal and concerned with ends.
Circumscribing what end is - Kant required of a rational human being that he makes the object of his elective will his end. Kant is very much concerned with ends which at the same time are duties and not with ends due to impulses of the senses or subjective/technical ends. The former are for him objective/moral ends and rests on a priori principles.
For Kant, a rational human being is a moral person, fully conscious of his moral duty or duties and deriving deliberate decisions using the metaphysical moral framework. The mere possession of capacity for rationality is nothing compared to its exercise and fulfillment in action.
All of this is built upon the foundation of good will or universal good or good unqualified/unconditional and autonomous which he laid down in Groundwork. The Kantian moral system emphasize the performance of moral duty motivated by a priori principle recognized by reason and not from desire of expected consequence or emotional attachment or aversion because duty or end based on sensual inclinations is conditional. It is the role of reason to give fruition to a good will.1
Duty and right are the motivations of good will; aspects of good will, if you may.
Groundwork portrays the search for the supreme principle of morality. It sets aside matters that are recognizable by the reader from everyday experience and conceives its subject to be a priori and metaphysical. I think Kant expect the reader to do the exercise of applying the test and criteria he laid down.
Kant's recognition of will as separate from reason shows his recognition of actions and ends which are derived from will alone or that derived from a conjunction of will and reason. Reason alone cannot achieve the intended result. Obviously, "will" alone can only get conditional results unlike a real concurrence of will and reason or the good will.
Groundwork does not really explain the manner and contents Kant conceives an a priori principles system to have. He takes this matter for granted and leaves too much room for the reader to speculate. Nothing in it describes what metaphysical structure duties should have.
The universality test as a method of weighing duties is Kant's significant contribution to moral reasoning but Kant barely seemed to use it in his writings. Kant's method is to determine the universal law of morality applicable to all rational beings at all cases.2 He must have conceived of his writings as a workbook with which readers must work and apply as they go along; a veritable inter-active philosophical work for that matter.
For Kant, the duties to perfect one's self and to promote the happiness of others are moral motives and ends in themselves, including that to avoid suicide and self-mutilation. The supreme moral index of autonomous good will identified in Groundwork is broken down in MetaMorals into specific moral duties.
For Kant, doing one's duty is its own incentive, even for wide obligations such ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Moral duties Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/272149-moral-duties
(Moral Duties Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/272149-moral-duties.
“Moral Duties Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/272149-moral-duties.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

Moral duties should satisfy a priori principles of morality. They are fulfilled by actions wrought by the deliberate use of the natural human capacity for rational thought and moved by will educated by reason. Moral actions require deliberate rational deliberation and are not moved by mere inclination of the senses…
Moral duties
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Moral duties"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Medical Law, Morality and Legal Duties
The paper tells that the field of medical law has caused important and taxing questions to arise, particularly in relation to the proposed conflict between moral obligations and legal duties. The debate considers whether legal duties are based on moral obligations or vice versa, and touches on some delicate topics.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
What duties, if any, do we have to non-human animals
What duties, if any, do we have to non-human animals? This paper will address what duties, if any, do we have to non-human animals? The main point it will tackle is that raised by the moral philosopher Peter Singer who asks: ‘is it right, for example to think that it is morally quite legitimate to eat non-human animals?
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Moral Problem Paper
The case under consideration will be the possibility of the U.S. participation in the solution of current humanitarian crisis in Syria, and, as the problem mentioned here belongs to the competence of the highest Federal officers, for the case study the possible response of President Barack Obama will be analysed.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Direct-to-Customer Drug Advertising
There are ethical consequences of legalizing direct-to-customer drug advertising. Customers may try to use the drugs without prescription and this can lead to health problems for people. Children might also suffer from drug advertisements as they are not mature enough to fully understand the side effects of a medicine.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
A Distinction Between Practical Anthropology And Moral Philosophy
The works of Kant (1728-1804), a German philosopher, are mostly drawn from the observations and his own ideas on the nature of humans. The major emphasis of this philosopher is on the priori or pure part of the moral philosophy.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Ethical Dilemma paper-second moral language
In the ups and downs of life, such moments come when it becomes really hard to take decision without partiality, keeping in view the ethical duties and moral obligation, having no care of one’s own priorities and interests at all. Robert J Nash (2002) has presented the
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Moral Principle
What is also significantly important to understand that individual and collective responses to each action and to judge that action’s moral standing is deeply rooted into the generally held beliefs of rationality of
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Practical Anthropology and Moral Philosophy Distinction
The difference between Kant’s moral philosophy and the empirical moral philosophy is that the later is biased towards the posterior principles or those that are garnered through the observations and experiences of human beings. Kant, using this distinction, referred to the empirical moral philosophy as moral anthropology.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Explanation of liability, strict liability, accountability and moral accountability in relation to obligations and duties as individuals and as parts of business organizations
A concrete example for this is a student who is accountable for his or her performance in class. His or her test results, participations, diligence and any other acts are accounted to become his or her grade and he or she alone is accountable or responsible for that
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Moral
The issue of loyalty is also at stake in this case because Jane needs to protect the interests of her brother and best friend (Vaughn, 2013). Evidently, Jane and Sue have conflicting
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Moral duties for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us