Stalking can cause mental and psychological distress to the victims, paralyze professional and social life, with repercussion on health and even raise the incidences of accident and injury. Violent staking behavior can lead to injury and deaths. Legal sanctions by it-self may not be effective in preventing stalking behavior completely. Often the victims is not able to perceive talking behavior, analyze the risk factors, or even acknowledge and cooperate with authorities to stop such behavior. Effective coordination among all including, legal, societal, educational, health care etc is required to counter the problem of stalking. Effective nursing can play an important role in preventing further incidence of stalking and recovery of the victims.
Stalking as per the Law on Proscribing Stalking Behavior and Assisting Victims refers to any repetitive conduct, behavior or action where the victims feels stalked harassed or victimized. These can include lurking, following, observing, repeatedly trying to make contact with a person even without his/her consent, not accepting a refusal, harassing or targeting a persons, the persons partner, spouse or relative, silent phone calls, verbal abuse, violent acts against a persons, or anything that annoys, threatens, troubles or defames the persons reputations etc. It has been found that stalking behavior is not restricted to a particular gender but there are greater documented incidences of male stalkers. There are a numerous other behavior that a stalker may resort to.
Stalking behavior can vary from mild to serious stalking. It is often difficult to perceive stalking behavior initially. Mild stalking behavior in most cases goes unnoticed. In many cases mild stalking behavior can become more serious over time. In most cases stalking behavior is misleading because stalkers appear harmless at first. Latter on this may transgress to persistent annoyance caused to the victim and at times to violence and death. Being stalked is a stressful experience for the victim sometimes damaging personal relationship, effecting professional life, movement and mobility etc.
The motivation to engage in stalking behavior can be broadly categorized as; desire to establish or reestablish a relationship or intimacy (in many cases it is a previous relationship or a illusion of a relationship that exists in the mind of the stalker); desire to get revenge for any actual or perceived insult etc; and perverse sexual desire of sexual predators. Stalking behavior has existed from antiquity but it has gained prominence in the recent times due to celebrity stalking cases. Many laws and legislations have been enforced in various countries to curtail such behavior. Stalking behavior has been categorized as a behavioral anomaly or deviant behavior.
Stalkers can be of various types depending on their motivation and behavior. However these are broad categorization with possibility of overlap. A rejected stalker generally seeks to reestablish a past relationship (sometimes perceived relationship) seeking intimacy or revenge. Such stalkers are often narcissists, who get easily humiliated and jealous with history of poor social skill and inability to from social