StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Literature ReviewEvaluation (Cryptorchidism and Maternal Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy) - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Literature ReviewEvaluation (Cryptorchidism and Maternal Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy)

Before doing the purpose statement, the authors have briefly discussed the problem of cryptorchidism in that it is a very common genital malformation in males, of which the aetiology is unknown. A brief review of literature on this topic has been done by the authors, and they have clearly indicated the possibility of implications of developmental genetic defects and other fetomaternal factors. Out of this literature review, the authors make a case for such a study in that the prevalence of such a disorder has been connected with parental lifestyle changes and environmental factors. Since normal testicular descent happens in two phases, transabdominal from 8 to 17 gestational weeks and inguinoscrotal from 26 to 35 weeks of gestation. Therefore, the authors argue that the physical, chemical, and biological, and endocrinologic stimuli for descent of testes lie in the fetus and the mother. The literature review assumes great importance here, since to hypothesize the research question, the authors have done a thorough search of relevant literature. The authors connect maternal alcohol consumption as a probably cause for this. ...
The authors rightly argue that most of the existing researches used retrospective data that might be compromised by recall and selection bias. Therefore, the authors establish the purpose of the research in that if a positive association is probable and indeed exists, it would be worthwhile to undertake the research so it may help prevent this problem in the newborn.
Hypothesis: With a precise and succinct literature review, the authors logically derive the scientific thread of the assumption that maternal alcohol consumption may corrupt the fetal environment in uterus during pregnancy when the fetus is developing. Therefore, the reader is keen to believe the hypothesis that maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy is positively associated with cryptorchidism. However, the gap in the existing research can be filled up by a prospective population-based cohort of pregnant women and their male offspring. To be able to do this, the authors used both qualitative and quantitative information on maternal alcohol consumption and other data on confounding lifestyle factors. The hypothesis statement is precise, well-structured, and generates interest in the reader, so he is keen to know the findings in the authors' research.
Methods: Since this is a questionnaire study across different locations, the authors standardised the questionnaire, and the responses were collected in the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy. Detailed history of alcoholism was collected in relationship with the frequency, amount, and binge episodes. Other lifestyle parameters were also collected. It was a joint perspective birth cohort study with sufficient sampling to be able to generate validity and reliability. Simultaneous with the ...Show more

Summary

Summarized Review of the Article: In this paper by Damgaard, I.N. et al. published in Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 115, Number 2, 2007, the authors examine the association of parental alcohol exposure and its adverse effects on the fetus. The article concentrates on the investigation of association of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and the incidence of undescended testes in the newborn babies…
Author : maximillian78
Literature ReviewEvaluation (Cryptorchidism and Maternal Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy) essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Literature ReviewEvaluation (Cryptorchidism and Maternal Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy)"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Cause and effect: mother drinking alcohol during pregnancy
However, there are times when drinking alcohol gets out of hand and leads towards alcoholism (alcohol addiction). Those are one of the few times when uncontrolled alcohol consumption actually affects the people around the women already. Although the people in their lives can just shake off the negative effects that alcoholism had on the woman, there is no way that a pregnant woman who drank heavily can ever escape the repercussions of her actions.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Domestic Violence During Pregnancy
Nurses use both physical and mental assessment to determine the extent to which the client has undergone bettering. Physical assessment involves the presence of scars while mental assessment involves signs of psychological disturbances such as anxiety. Without any intervention, domestic violence can lead to the death of both the pregnant woman and unborn baby (Burton, 2008).
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The Effects of Alcohol Consumption
There is different amount is alcohol levels in various dinks such as beer, wine and liquor; thus resent studies have indicated that moderate intake of alcohol is valuable to the human health especially on the coronary system.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Alcohol Consumption
The introduction of the new Licensing Act may be considered partially responsible for this decline. The consumption level of alcohol in the UK as of the year 2006 is shown below with a graphical representation of the data. People in UK still consume less alcohol than most of their counterparts in the other Western European countries.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Smoking During Pregnancy
[1] Smoking also causes many female productive problems including: Smoking and using oral contraceptives can be very dangerous. It increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and heart attacks. The use of tobacco and oral contraceptives often leads to stroke, venous thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism.
15 pages (3750 words) Essay
The Effects of Smoking During Pregnancy
According to the report maternal smoking during pregnancy affects foetal growth and birth weight, causes spontaneous abortion, abnormal bleeding during pregnancy, premature detachment of the placenta, premature rupture of the membranes and perinatal mortality. Smoking in the second and third trimesters of the pregnancy seems to cause these complications.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
The Effect of Alcohol Consumption on Academic Achievment among College Students Literature Review
Innumerable U.S. college campuses are experiencing heavy episodic alcohol consumption by college students (Jennison, 2004b). It has been revealed that the volume of alcohol consumed by college students is greater than the amount taken by the general population (Lall &
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Women should be advised not to consume any alcohol during their pregnancy Discuss this statement, including relevant research evidence
The exact amount that is harmful is also not clear. However there has been enough evidence to show that alcohol does in indeed have serious effects and so the best advice is not to consume alcohol during pregnancy. The
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Alcohol and tobacco use in pregnancy
Alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking by pregnant women is an action that puts the fetus in great danger. Tobacco is a highly addictive drug as most smokers find it hard to quit smoking unless they are medically rehabilitated. Cigarette contains high amounts of direct
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Alcohol Consumption and Smoking During Pregnancy
Consumption of alcohol and smoking is an increasing habit of pregnant women and girls. In the United States, smoking and consuming alcohol during pregnancy is highly associated with pregnancy complications. The difficulties vary from low weights of newly born, fetal loss as well as spontaneous abortion.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation