People seem to be so eager to have more, that they even forget about their own lives and concentrate primarily on satisfying their material needs. It's not only about ensuring a comfortable life anymore, it's about luxury we are talking now, and about making things so easy, by introducing technology everywhere, that we even forget that this means "easy" and we get to think it has always been the same.
Men have always had this tendency towards exaggerating, mostly when it comes to getting rich or powerful and there have always been philosophers who noticed it. Plato was one of them. He insisted on the idea that man should be moderate, should balance his desires. Moderation doesn't mean repression, but it means that you shouldn't satisfy only one need, one desire, in the detriment of other needs. The philosopher convinced that virtue is all that is relevant for happiness, is also convinced that soul is immortal and that it comes from a world different from the material world where we live with our bodies. And in the Greek philosopher's view, we should cultivate virtue and reason rather than desires that belong to the material world. According to Plato, there are two possible ideals for man's life: one which means that the ultimate purpose of life is pleasure and the other one according to which the purpose of life is that of Good. ...
Everyone knows that our life here is not eternal, that at a certain point, sooner or later, at a younger or older age we are going to die. So our life here ends. And then comes the question: what happens after that
When it comes to a question like that, people's opinions differ. Some think this is all, others consider that the end of this life means the beginning of a new life, of a life beyond our senses and beyond materiality. But no matter the opinion, this continuous run after money and pleasure don't seem to have a reasonable purpose. Because people want to get more than they have even when they have a lot but if asked why, they won't know what to answer.
Leading a life of excess won't make anyone happy, on the contrary it will alienate people, it'll get them sick both physically and mentally. Such a life means stress: if you don't stop to rest, you'll soon get tired, if you don't stop and meditate, you'll soon find you don't know who you are, what you are doing and why you are doing that, you won't know what your values are anymore and whereto your life is heading.
So, we come to Plato's idea: a happy life is a virtuous one. A happy life is a life based on measure and on reason and order. This doesn't mean that we have to become a sort of robotic beings, with no desire, but we should definitely learn how to make use of our will and how to stop from time to time, how to take breaks. We need to find the time to think upon ourselves and life and upon our freedom of doing whatever we feel like doing. We are free indeed, freedom is one of our rights, but we also have to think what we do with our freedom, how we are going to use it.
Our society seems to be one of