StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Review Article - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Review Article

Aiken and her peers sought to determine the relationship between nurse-patient ratio and the quality of nursing care provided with focus on mortality and rescue success rates on surgical patients. Nurse job dissatisfaction and burnout due to the increased number of patients handled were also explored.
The study involved a survey of 10,184 nurses and 232,342 patients from general, orthopedic, and vascular surgery wards. Recorded data of 168 adult general hospitals were also acquired. Data gathered included determination of nurse-patient ratios, mortality rates, failure to rescue within 30 days of admission and nurse satisfaction. These were then statistically analyzed to determine the relationship that exists between nurse-patient ratios to the other three factors explored.
After adjusting for different factors such as sex, years of nursing experience, academic credential and size of hospitals, the results indicated that there is a congruent relationship between nurse-patient ratio and failure-to-rescue rate within 30 days of admission. For every additional patient the nurse is made responsible to handle, the failure rate increases by 7%. Nurse burnout also increased by 23% per additional patient and job dissatisfaction by 15%.
Several factors have been found to cause the nursing shortage which includes bet...
The study by Aiken and her peers adds further evidence to the notion that the additional number of patients tended to by nurses inhibits them from functioning more effectively. There are several studies further linking nurse-to-patient ratio and negative health outcomes. The significance of all these studies is that it highlights the need to take action immediately to address the nursing shortage for if none is taken or if authorities drag their on this subject, we may expect further decline in medical care quality.
In my experience, every additional patient is a unique case thereby calling for an individualized nursing intervention. Nurses do have limitations and having more patients tended to help reach that limitation point. This is not only about physical capacities but also mental and emotional limitations as many nurses today are exposed to more complex diseases and violent and abusive patients and even doctors. Added to the stress is the constant threats and nagging by relatives to focus attention on their loved ones.
Hospital and other clinical settings provide a tense working environment where the smallest mistake can be fatal. Nurses are human beings too and like everybody else, more work drains the person's ability to function effectively. There is a need to determine solutions to address the problem immediately or we may have a severely compromised medical system. Authorities, both from public and private institutions, should come together to establish a course of action. The evidence is already there and Aiken and her peers' study stresses that we are running not only of time but also of nurses.
Summary: Jeffreys, M. (2005). Clinical Nurse Specialists ...Show more

Summary

Summary: Aiken, L., Clarke, S., Sloane, D., Sochalski, J. and Silber, J. (2002). Hospital Nurse Staffing and Patient Mortality, Nurse Burnout, and Job Dissatisfaction. Journal of the American Medical Association 2002. 288(16): pp. 1987-1993.
The nursing shortage is becoming more serious leading to severe problems in nurse staffing ratios and the quality of health care being compromised…
Author : cfahey
Review Article essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Review Article"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Harvard Business Review Article
Strategy Insight: What one student has learned about the art of effective strategic leadership. Effective strategic leadership is essential for the survival and prosperity of any corporate firm as it determines the outcomes of the various relationships and negotiations of the company (Lynch, 2008, p.59-131).
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Article review
The advancements in technology can now allow the police to slow down a car remotely. The 21st Century advancements in technology have added a new number of identification techniques that are performed by machines. These include details such as voice recognition and facial scanning.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Article review
Article III – Yes. The authors stated the hypotheses that there is a probability that student who migrated to Portugal that belong to low socio-economic status are likely to get poor educational performance. Article I – The literature review is comprehensive since it
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Harvard Business Review Article: The COOP
A corporation with a genuine customer focus strategy builds operations around the needs and specific desires of its customer base. In the fast food industry service, quality of food, price and product offering are the key factors that differentiate the
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Review Article
In response to this research, Eck et al. hypothesized that limiting motion at one level leads to hypermobility and increased forces at adjacent levels, thus escalating the speed of disc pathology. To test this
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Review article
Studies a and b focused on similar age ranges of 22-54 and 25-64 respectively, whilst c aimed to assess older adults aged >=50. Study b aimed to improve the cardiovascular health of its subjects whilst studies
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Article literature review
According to Douglas and Dubois, as cited by Seitz and Johar, “cultural factors affect advertising in four ways namely: 1) the choice of advertising theme; 2) the connotation or worlds and
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Write a critical review article on the topic Process safety management in oil and gas operations: The past, present and future directions
We intend to enrich this part with a study of some cases of human accidents during business operations. Through this investigation, we aim to evaluate current HSE-related practices and recommend concrete plans for improvement. Health, Safety, and
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Article review
nd learning, which could require the suspension of long held beliefs and changing mindsets on what makes up a good math teacher for children (Burghes, 2012). The article argues that schools should take risks and experiment with new techniques that seek to re-engage their pupils
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Article Review
He writes about money and investing issues that include interest rates, global asset allocation and bonds in various locations in the US, though most of his work deals with fiscal matters in the United States of America. “Treasury
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation