Nowadays one can hardly find more topical and debatable theme than globalization. Dozens of conferences and symposiums, hundreds of books, thousands of magazine and newspaper articles are devoted to it. It is discussed and argued by scientists, politicians, businessmen, religious actors, people of art, journalists.
People and states get more and more freedom in choosing their behaviour and the way of life in general, however everyone should understand that such freedom involves certain responsibilities.
According to a typical definition, globalization is "the intensification of economic, political, social and cultural relations across borders" (Holm and Sorensen, 1995). Speaking about the bases of this phenomenon it is possible to note that some features of modern globalization have a long history. Roots of this process are in the epoch when colonial empires have laid the foundation of the first basis of the international economic relations in this millennium. However the modern international economic relations underlying globalization essentially differ from those that have been generated from the beginning of an epoch of Great geographical discoveries and foundation of colonial empires.
Globalisation is an all-round rapprochement and integration of all countries of the world in technological, informational, cultural, economic and political spheres. Though, the term 'globalization' is rather new and "begs for clearer conceptualization and more precise empirical application" (Krieger, 1999: xii), the given phenomenon has its own history. Tendencies to integration and rapprochement between the states existed always, but most considerably these tendencies were presented in two historical periods: first, in the middle of the nineteenth century before the World War I, and secondly in the 1990s years of the twentieth century.
Technological basis of the first wave of globalization were phone and telegraph in the sphere of communications, railway construction in the sphere of transport, assembly line production in industry. Technological shifts have caused economical ones expressed first of all in the strengthening of economic interdependence and formation of the uniform world economy.
About constantly amplifying internationalization (globalization) of economic development testifies also the fact that the world trade grew more quickly than world production, so the role of the international economic relations constantly increased. Since 1970s of the nineteenth century alongside with export of goods grows export of the capital. Economic globalization in the second half the nineteenth - the beginning of the twentieth century has also pushed integration processes in other spheres. During this period appeared the first international inter-governmental (The Universal Postal Union, International Telecommunication Union) and non-governmental (the Red Cross) organizations. People have started to conduct international sports competitions that have led to revival of the Olympic movement and creation of the international sports federations.
But most of all globalization manifested itself in the political sphere. Alongside world economics it is now possible to speak about world politics. So let us oppose the Marxist view of globalisation to that of liberalism, using their assessment of the North-South divide in the contemporary global world.
The North-South divide is just one of the "global economic challenges we have to confront in the twenty-first century. Economic scarcity' in the form of shrinking global markets and increasing production costs is intensifying economic rivalries. Technology races and various forms of commercial warfare have replaced the arms race of the Cold War days. According to Japanese politician Isihara Shintaro (Japan ...
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(Marxist View on Globalisation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Marxist View on Globalisation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/272862-marxist-view-on-globalisation.
The basic dialectical viewpoint displays the significance of contradictions in nature. To understand historical change, it is necessary to understand and accept contradiction as existing reality. It also shows that social change is driven by the contradictory nature that exists in society.
Products of whatever kind and products that threatened world extinction began to dominate man’s quest for progress and development. That is materialism at its worst, or at its best. Recent authors and commentators assert that globalisation began at the end of the Cold War which was in the period 1989-1991.
The proposition is that it is an effective paradigm especially as a global economic system (Chong 2007; Hill and Rapp 2008). It enables nation states to develop faster and become more capable in solving problems such as poverty, ignorance and equality. But there are worldviews that oppose this assumption.
Grounded on the Marxist theory of the state, this essay attempts to debunk the popular view that globalisation is by-passing the state and is causing the demise of the state. Thus, this essay asserts that globalisation does not by-pass and cannot cause the demise of nation-states.
The Colombo Crime Family
As an organized criminal group, the Colombo Crime family is the youngest of the five crime families that operates in many parts of the United States of America. The Colombo Crime family has it’s headquarter is in New York (Santos 114).
While this may be the case, the fact remains that there have developed many theories to explain this phenomenon in the modern world. This is mainly because while there are some who believe that the globalization has brought along with it plenty of benefits for those whom it has come to influence, there are others who believe otherwise, stating that it has brought more harm than good in the world.
In contrast to this view that the government is an essential component of the society, social scientists reach no general consensus on the specific functions that the state should carry out.
It is the aim of this paper to look at the role of the state in bringing about or preventing social equality as examined by Karl Marx in his infamous writing, The Communist Manifesto.
As a result, these companies are mobilising their customers, shareholders, and their competitors to behave differently. This transformation of organisational behaviour towards increased social consciousness somewhat goes against the traditional context of running capitalist-based businesses.
The author states that Marxism has been expressed in many areas like the free-markets, oppressed and exploited labor, modernization, and many other reforms that have been carried out in the political, social and economic systems of the world. Globalization has been described as the increased interaction with the world.