Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Theories of Justice and Equality by Michael Walzer - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
College
Essay
Miscellaneous
Pages 3 (753 words)

Summary

Michael Walzer is an American political philosopher and public intellectual. One of his important intellectual contributions is the theory of "complex equality". As far as distributive justice is concerned, equality or "simple equality" means that everyone is being furnished with the same material level of goods and services (Gosepath, 2001, 3.1 para 1)…

Extract of sample
Theories of Justice and Equality by Michael Walzer

Thus, Citizen X may be chosen over citizen Y for political office, and then the two of them will be unequal in the sphere of politics. But they will not be unequal generally so along as X's offices give him no advantage over Y in any other spheres-superior medical care, access to better schools for his children, entrepreneurial opportunities and so on"(as cited in Hooghe, 1999, p.211).
The absence of X's advantage over Y is called a "blocked exchange" which in practice maintains boundaries between social institutions and practices. Inequities in one area are acceptable but cumulative and overlapping inequalities are not permissible. An accumulation of these inequalities can be the result of two different processes:
The influential position within one sphere can be used to gain access to a similar position in a different sphere. The notion of complex equality is aimed mainly at eradicating the possibility of this kind of exchange.
Power positions within two (or more) different spheres originate from a single common cause. This would imply that Citizen X has one single characteristic, which makes him excel both in literatures, as in politics and in economic entrepreneurship. The theory of complex equality does not explicitly address this as possible cause of cumulative inequalities (Hooghe, 1999, p.211).
In summary, Walzer's complex of equality i ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related Essays

Justice
Justice is nothing but the principle of moral rightness or equality. No one can attain political, social and legal justice without the absence of economic justice. The concept of economic justice does not mean equal income for all. This is neither possible nor desirable. What is required under the concept of economic justice is that everyone, regardless of his station in his life, should be assured of some minimum income. Justice and power are the concepts of political science. Where there is politics, power has to be there. Justice in some or the other circumstances is related to power. For…
2 pages (502 words)
Michael Milken
Immediately after paying this debt, he resumed his lifelong philanthropic activities. Milken has promised that he will someday write his side of the controversy; but for now he feels it's less productive to focus on the past than to be involved in supporting the effort to accelerate medical solutions.…
2 pages (502 words)
Michael Foucault
His research is often described as postmodernist and post-structuralism (Wikipedia Encyclopedia).…
8 pages (2008 words)
Michael Phelps
"Having completed his Olympics gold rush, U.S. swimmer Michael Phelps is now poised to make another haul - this time of the endorsement variety. Phelps already is collecting about $5 million a year in endorsement checks from companies like Visa - payments that came after he won six gold medals during the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, Greece. His performance in Beijing, where he won a record eight gold medals, puts him in line to earn much more." (Endorsements pure gold for Phelps, 2008). According to David Harrow of the National Sports Lawyers Association, Michael Phelps may be at $30, $40,…