A fine line exists between recreational and dangerous, illegal drugs and often, these two terms are interchanged. Most of the time, the line drawn in terms of legality, abuse and risk of use involved ("Recreational drug use", 2006).
History tells us that drug use has been around for quite a long time now. Caffeine, tobacco and alcohol along with natural drug derivatives such as poppy, marijuana and hemp have been consumed by our ancestors since the time their use has been discovered (Burger, 1995; Burger, n.d.). Modern recreational drugs include ecstasy, cocaine and LSD among others.
Marijuana (Cannabis sativa) is one of the most common recreational drugs used in the U.S. and other parts of the world. Marijuana leaves often referred to it's street names "mary jane", "weed", "grass" etc. is usually rolled and smoked in cigarette form (called a "joint" or "nail") or in a pipe (known as a "bong"). The active ingredient in marijuana is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) which starts a series of pleasurable reactions in the brain referred to as a "high" (National institute on drug abuse, 2004). Smoking a joint usually has no effect on the first use, but its effects are manifested after the second or third use. It affects short term memory but does not hinder physical coordination and there are no reported case yet of overdose ("Pocket guide to recreational drugs", 1995). From 2000 to 2002 marijuana use rose up to 24% in the U.S. alone and is considered to be the 3rd most abused drug reported in hospital emergency cases (National institute on drug abuse, 2004).
THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) the active ingredient found in marijuana affects the brain differently than other drugs. It increases the secretion rate of dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure. Dopamine in return affects the limbic system, the area of the brain associated with emotion and behaviour control (Young, 1997). THC circulates fast from the lungs to the bloodstream as a joint is smoked (National institute on drug abuse, 2004). As THC passes thru the brain, it connects to specific areas called cannaboid receptors on the neural cells. Not all neural cells have the same amount of cannaboid receptors and often a large amount of these type of receptors are found in brain areas associated with pleasure, memory, thought, concentration, sensory and time perception, and coordinated movement (Herkenham et al, 1990; National institute on drug abuse, 2004).
Effects of marijuana use on the heart
Although none has ever died from marijuana related cardiac failure, persons with arteriosclerosis or propensity to heart failure may develop complications from smoking marijuana. Smoking a joint induces tachycardia (brisk rise in heartbeat) along with increase in heart failure similar to when a person experiences stress. These complications can vary in effect and severity (Young, 1997).
Effects of marijuana use on the lungs
In 1990, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) reports: "No difference in prevalence of chronic cough, sputum production or wheeze was noted between the marijuana and tobacco smokers (included within their study), nor were additive effects of combined smoking of tobacco and marijuana on the prevalence of acute or chronic ...
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“Physiological Effects of Recreational Drugs on the Human Body Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/273174-physiological-effects-of-recreational-drugs-on-the-human-body.
According to philosophy, current regulation on drugs is unjustified and that some drugs that have been made illegal are treated like alcohol or tobacco. Therefore, instead of criminalizing drugs, they should be made legal. The main argument for making drugs illegal in society is because of the harm inflicted on the second party. The use of drugs among people is not a new phenomenon. It has been part of human life.
The release of the pressure during the opening of the brachial artery then gives the diastolic blood pressure. The values of the arterial blood pressure are recorded by the sphygmomanometer and reported in terms of millimeters of mercury. Through the arterial blood pressure measurement, the variation between the diastolic and systolic blood pressure during the cardiac cycle is measured.
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What Motivated People to Use Recreational Drugs in the 1960s?
The recreational use of several drugs became widespread in Great Britain, Canada, and the United States during the 1960s. The exposure to cannabis of numerous American combatants during the Vietnam War was one of the major causes of the spread of recreational drugs in the 1960s.
The milk of every species of mammal is said to be unique and specifically tailored to the requirements of that animal. For example, researches show cows' milk is three to four times as much richer in protein than human milk, with five to seven times the mineral content, but markedly deficient in essential fatty acids compared to human mothers' milk.
Energy drinks redefined as "synthetic energy in cans" being primarily synthesized for the betterment of human health are associated with both beneficial as well as hazardous effects which can be summarized under:
As already mentioned the effects of the energy drinks depend on their ingredients and their composition.
Continuous usage of alcohol effects the brain cells thereby making those cells work slower. These effects include physical irregularities and cognitive and behavioral impairments with outcomes ranging in different severities ranging from prenatal death to subtle behavioral problems.
Have you ever noticed in your life that stress is killing you slowly or did you ever realize that in every moment stress is somewhere around you And it is going to put you closer to the grave. Stress, we all have it sometimes and it can also occur unexpectedly because of an accident, news of a person's death or a loss of job or it may be an ongoing problem; for instance, a boss who never stops discouraging and criticizing your work.
causes addiction with many individuals who tend use it for enjoyment, thus it is essential to address the factors, which influence human’s decision to start using marijuana. It will examine the outcomes of using marijuana by analysing the existing literature and medical
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