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Write a paper on text from Emile Durkheim's Selected Writings
Pages 4 (1004 words)
The man who made sociology a science was, Emile Durkheim who is considered by many as the father of sociology. It was his effort which brought this subject under the French academic curriculum as "Science Sociale". His contributions stood as the base for the formation of sociology and anthropology.
The division of labor simply put, is the separation and specialization of work among people in the society. By separation, he means that people choose to work according to their interests and ability. And by specialization he means the area of work assigned to one either on his own or by any external force. This division of labor according to Durkheim is not a downfall of society; instead it actually is a pillar that would create an orderly society. This is what is termed as "Organic Solidarity" in his own words.
"Social harmony comes essentially from the division of labor. It is characterized by a cooperation which is automatically produced through the pursuit by each individual of his own interests. It suffices that each individual consecrate himself to a special function in order, by the force of events, to make himself solidary with others."
The idea of labor separation among people in reality helps our society to run smooth without interrupting one another and maintains proper order. We can clearly understand this from the following hypothesis by Durkheim:
Thus, it is clear that the division of labor is a positive one for development and to preserve social order. We all survive because of the division of labor and it can be well explained with a simple example as this,
"While shoemakers and carpenters may be functioning fine, if farmers stop working, everyone starves. ...
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