StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Nature vs. nurture - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Nature vs. nurture

Much is random and therefore isn't really "behavior": a flagellating protozoa isn't "looking for" food. When social scientists explain human behaviour they imply purposeful and consequential activities. It is understood that humans are aware of their own acts and those of others. In other words, human behaviours are acquired rather than natural. Instincts, which are activities that are made without learning, altered as adaptations to exact circumstances. But success in adaptation comes at a cost: instincts make organisms "puppets" of their surroundings. Anticipating a rain a frog croaks, just as the rooster crows with the beginning of dawn. Neither the frog nor the rooster had any choice in the matter; their behaviours were simply determined by the environment. Humans have the smallest number of instincts; as an alternative, we have contradictory genetic abilities and capacities to react our environment. For us, consequently, surroundings remain a strong determinant of behaviours.
Social scientists are ever more realizing the discourse of the interactions that take place between nature and nurture. The existence of genes does not by itself make sure that a particular feature will be obvious. Genes need the proper upbringing for inborn propensities to be entirely expressed. These "proper surroundings" contain not only natural environment but also of individuals' common and symbolic milieus.
According to Richard Dawkins, the final purpose of the game of life is the immortality of one's information. This information is of two types: the genetic, the programming of one's DNA, and the memetic, the elements of intellectual information individuals pass on in their society. "We are survival machines," he writes in The Selfish Gene, "robot vehicles blindly programmed to preserve the selfish molecules known as genes." And "just as genes propagate themselves in the gene pool by leaping from body to body via sperms or eggs, so memes propagate themselves in the meme pool by leaping from brain to brain via a process which, in the broad sense, can be called imitation."(Dawkins, 1976, p.147)
Support of probable genetic factors determining the direction of individuals' lifelong interests and behaviours increases. For instance, Alexander Graham Bell, who unintentionally invented the telephone whilst working on ways to help the hearing impaired, came from a family that was involved in working with problems of speech and sound. Both his mother and his wife were hard of hearing. His paternal grandfather wrote a book on phonetics and created a treatment for those who are loosing hearing, which was supported by his father and uncle.
It is worth noting the gloomy history of efforts to connect cultural differences and social deviance to genetic "defects." In the early physiognomic literature on deviance, for example, Cesare Lombroso (Deam, 1989) wrote in the 1870s how deviants had extremely long legs in comparison with rest of their bodies, weird head shapes, absence of a appropriate chin, ingrown ear flaps or large ears. They were, he states, throwbacks to earlier phases of human development. In early 1900th was published The Blood of the Nation: A Study of the Decay of Races Through the Survival of the Unfit, an evil work by David Starr Jordon, the first President of ...Show more

Summary

The debate over what determines who we are, whether it is Nature (heredity) or Nurture (our surroundings) is taking a new shape. Is nature or nurture responsible for our actions Have we remained creatures of nature Can we resist natural influences with the power of our critical thinking During the past decades, psychologists have created different theories to make clear the characteristics of human-beings…
Author : hillsrachael
Nature vs. nurture essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Nature vs. nurture"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Nature vs Nurture
Every human being has some inborn or hereditary qualities that are passed over to him through genes; but, there are a lot of other qualities that he learns over time through knowledge and experience. Whether humans are a result of hereditary information or they are modified by their environment in which they live, is the essence of the nature versus nurture theory (Shaffer, 2009, p.11).
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Nature vs Nurture
Most experts say that both nature and nurture impact a child’s cognitive abilities as well as social and physical development but to what extent and exactly how much each contributes remains uncertain.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Nature vs. Nurture
Nature vs. Nurture Name University Nature vs. Nurture In the study of psychology one of the most debated topics is that of nature versus nurture. This debate entails questions whether the behavior and the mental processes are influenced by the genetics, heredity, or are a product of the environment and learning.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Nature vs. Nurture in Intelligence
From the mid to late 1800's through to the early 1900's opinions rested in the nature camp. This was consistent with the scientific discoveries of the role of inheritance and natural selection by Mendel and Darwin. Galton had observed that the gifted individuals tended to come from families which had other gifted individuals.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Nature vs. Nurture Essay
However, these machines have damaged the quality of environment that we live in. For example, vehicular increase is the fundamental source of increase in global warming. Global
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Nature vs. Nurture in Wolf Alice
The author of the text casts light on Alice's identity. Reportedly, the exploration of Alice’s identity is one which is divided by the concept of being a girl that is human but having a close relationship to the ideology of being a wolf. Besides, the challenge which arises is based on having an identity which is associated with nature or with the nurturing which Alice receives.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Nature vs. Nurture Essay
The phrase nature versus nurture was coined by Francis Galton, who was inspired by his cousin Charles Darwin and his famous book,
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Nature vs. nurture
Now each of us are also born with a set of shortcomings in our development that we must work towards overcoming in order to become successful in life. That is the simplest description that can be used to describe how
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Nature Vs. Nurture
es with the difference and notwithstanding the fact that in all such differences an essential harmony runs through and in this Creation and everything is mutually connected. Gene versus environmental studies is the subject which is more of understanding than of analysis. As such
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Nature vs Nurture
Nature Over Nurture: Temperament, Personality, and Life Span Development introduce the five-factor theory (FFT). FFT asserts that personality traits are endogenous dispositions and are not dictated by the environment (McCrae et al., 2000). I do not agree that personality traits and human behaviors are predominantly determined by biological factors.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation