Unconventional warfare is a covert and relatively undefined means of achieving military victory through a number of methods that reduces the enemies' morale and disintegrates its ability to fight. The tactic used in unconventional warfare is mainly aimed at restricting civilian rights and freedom and instigating emotions like fear, depression and weariness…
Guerilla warfare was first referred as a war of revolutionary nature by Mao Zedong who used it widely in his operations in China1. However it is used in modern insurgencies as a part of an integrated process with all the sophistications associated with an organized operation including propaganda capabilities, doctrines and specialist skills.
2 Kennedy Hickman, Fabian Strategy : Wearing Down the Enemy , 2007, About.com: Military History, < http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/militarystrategies/p/fabian.htm> The Medieval myth of Roland borne out of the Battle of Roncevaux Pass was won by the Basque due to the effective utilization of guerilla tactics3. 15th century saw the Vietnamese insurgency against the Chinese where as the 19th century saw the Balkan people using the same tactics to fight against the Ottoman Empire4.
World War I and World War II also saw a number of guerilla warfare in the name of resistance movements and other insurgent activities. Guerilla warfare continues in many parts of the world post the II World War as well. However, the most common feature associated with unconventional warfare is its nationalist fighting nature which was evident in the rebellions. One key exception was the Columbian FARC which gave up armed rebellion following its electoral defeat only to resume it later and associate with the drug lobby against the traditions it followed6.
3Kennedy Hickman, Charlemagne: Battle of Roncevaux Pass, 2007, About.com: Military History, < http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/militarystrategies/p/fabian.htm>
4Walter Laqueur, Guerrilla Warfare - A Historical & Critical Study, 1998, (Transaction Books) 239-277
5 Encyclopaedia Britannica, "Warfare Conduct Of, Guerrilla Warfare," 1984 ed, p. 584
6Walter Laqueur, Guerrilla Warfare - A Historical & Critical Study, 1998, (Transaction Books) xi
Two of the major victories of the guerilla warfare happened in Afghanistan and Chechnya, both of which coincided with the collapse of the Soviet Union. The victory is mainly attributed to the fact that though the enemy was powerful, lacked the political will. Afghanistan war also gave a topographical advantage to the rebels which led to the evacuation of the Soviet troops in 1989. Guerillas failed to achieve decisive victories in a number of countries like Turkey, Algeria, Israel, Sri Lanka and Sudan, though they succeeded in causing sizeable harm to their enemies. Considerable help has been provided to the guerillas from abroad to keep the momentum going in the operation as in the Arab countries support given to the Palestinians and Afghans and the Indian Tamil support to the Sri Lankan Tamils7.
The key forms of insurgency that is expected to control the modern era are likely to be driven by problems caused due to the increasingly commercialized and modernized world. This is expected to dominate the Third World countries with ...
Cite this document
(“Unconventional Warfare Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/273468-unconventional-warfare
(Unconventional Warfare Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Unconventional Warfare Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/273468-unconventional-warfare.
States build fortresses to defend themselves from marching legions. With the same motive of self-preservation, states also forge alliances to help them ward off potential invaders. Fast forward to the 21st century, sovereign states are no longer threatened by wars waged by an invading enemy.
Terrorism is the modern version of what military experts call as asymmetrical warfare. This is a type of war in which the combatants (referring to the terrorists) are usually stateless and try to remain hidden among the civilian population. Another aspect of asymmetrical warfare is its inequality in terms of military forces, with the terrorists being the weaker side of the conflict, most often also in a position to strike at will at their convenience against open or easy targets.
The Role Played by Air Power in Warfare After 1945.
Huebert (1995, p. 5) notes that the United States has fought many wars in the past, most of which have involved both ground and airpower. An analysis of the past wars that America has fought shows that it has been using a strategy that involves sending ground troops to fight the enemy.
It has brought a turn around about the manner by which warfare was being judged. Participation of air forces has become indispensable for all conflict resolutions. In this scenario, there is a dire need to make air forces compatible with their increased roles, undertaken as part of an international security strategy in the present world.
While both theories are used by Generals today during wars, in this essay we shall try to bring out positive aspects of each theory as applicable in a modern warfare. First let us study in brief as to what each theory suggested.
The center of gravity is one of the most popular military concepts and has been emulated in most country's military doctrines.
If a race of people did not have enough land to provide for their own tribe, it was then logical to attack the closest neighbor that could offer vast resources and land. Because there were no international
Governments have turned to outsourcing intelligence services to private companies. This was predominantly a government duty. This essay focuses on the privatization of intelligence in the context of national security.
Special Forces play an important role in US military operations and the Administration has given special forces much greater responsibility to provide worldwide counterterrorism operations. In the current world, the new type of warfare has become a threat to the lives of many people not just in the US but also in other areas around the world.
In this respect, the unconventional warfare should follow the strategy of first establishing the military capability of the enemy, while comparing the same with the military capacity that the side has, so as do determine
This simply means that some of the Nine Principles of War will never change, but only the circumstances of the war. Nevertheless, one fact is not in contention; that the enemy in the 21st century is highly networked and more
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Unconventional Warfare for FREE!