Theoretical Bases of Nursing

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Introduction: Nursing theories both implicitly and explicitly direct all avenues of nursing that includes nursing clinical practice, education, and administration. They provide the structural framework for developing, evaluating, and using nursing scholarship and for extending and refining nursing knowledge through research.


Therefore, it is the requirement of acceptable theories to be flexible and dynamic enough to keep pace with the growth and changes in the discipline in clinical practice (Barnum, 1998. 15-37).
Nursing is now considered to be a discipline of knowledge that includes an array of facts, concepts, and approaches to inquiry. The discipline of nursing is acknowledged also to be a community of scholars that includes nurses in all places where nursing takes place, and this is indeed scholarship in the sense that it shares commitment to values, concepts, and processes to guide the thought and work of the discipline. Consistent with thinking of nursing scholars about the discipline of nursing, is the idea that it needs nursing theories more than anything else. Moreover, professional clinical nursing today is just scholarship due to the fact that nursing works, now, on a unique and vast knowledge base that has matured through phases of development. Nursing as a professional practice science that is dedicated to the problem solving for human health issues, calls for scholars who are accountable for understanding these theories and conceptual frameworks to be able to utilize them in guiding practice, research, education, and regulation (Chinn & Kramer, 1995, 27-48).
Boyer's analysis of schol ...
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