StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Structure And Anarchy - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
Any organization has a structure and leadership. It is also recognized that an organization is primarily its people. In theoretical discussions it is widely agreed that social movements are not organizations. As Freeman (1978) says," Granted, most movements are not organizations and thus not able to make conscious decisions about their direction. Usually they consist of numerous core groups and a large penumbra of sympathizers. Nonetheless, these core groups serve as the foci of a movement's values and activities and determine much of its deliberate policy". It is here that the crux issue rises. Lacking a resolute structure a social movement always faces instability and the conflict between group maintenance needs and goal achievement needs. The core values of the movement can have a constellation of other values supported by differing groups. These values can be parallel or opposed to core values. The opposing values and their support groups can be in a consensus and form a noticeable opposition. So long as the leadership and the majority that support leadership and movement's core values are able to outnumber and control opposing opinions and groups structure prevails and the movement sails along smoothly with foci values. The instability of movements and opposite values and opinions are particularly strong in movements with democratic values, where the structure is deliberately loosely defined and monitored as too much structure can suppress participation and inhibit eagerness.(Lenin,1901) So social movements offer incentives for order maintenance and also to increase membership. Wilson (1973) identifies four major categories of incentives that an organization can deploy in order to maintain its membership. These are material incentives (money, goods, and other tangible rewards); specific solidarity incentives (status, power, and other intangible benefits that are scarce); collective solidarity incentives (prestige, friendship, fun, and other rewards from being part of a group); and purposive incentives (value fulfillment, or the sense of satisfaction from contributing to a worthwhile cause).Maintenance of consensus becomes a major task of the movement leadership so as to remain on course to foci values.Graeber(2002) defines the consensus process as ," The basic idea of consensus process is that, rather than voting, you try to
come up with proposals acceptable to everyone-or at least, not highly objectionable to anyone: first state the proposal, then ask for 'concerns' and try to address them".


Anarchy

When opposition in a movement becomes splintered with no conclusive or majority based foci value then chaos prevails. "Anarchy means without government, which is different forms of vertically organized, i.e. chaotic included, economic and/or political-administrative ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Structure And Anarchy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/273660-structure-and-anarchy
(Structure And Anarchy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/273660-structure-and-anarchy.
“Structure And Anarchy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/273660-structure-and-anarchy.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

In theory and logic it is relatively easy to show that structure and leadership are more effective than anarchy and consensus in getting things done. In historical experience, however, there is a good argument to be made that movements have made their greatest accomplishments at times when formal leadership and structure have been least important, and anarchy and consensus most prevalent.This paper explores the two arguments to evaluate the strengths and limitations of alternative positions on a set of related issues addressing structure, leadership, majority votes to determine group positions, consensus, working to avoid having leaders or seeing everyone as a leader, group processes, and the…
Structure And Anarchy
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Structure And Anarchy"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Anarchy in the International System

The author states that most political scholars in relation to the international system argue that, anarchy dictates that the concerned states must depend on their own resources and abilities.  This practice has widely been referred to as a principle of self help. The lack of authority in states calls for protection and aid.

6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Alexander Wendt The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations
Alexander Wendt ‘The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations’ Introduction Many have come to know Alexander Wendt because of his constructivist theory. In this theory, he postulates that anarchy is a socially constructed fact in international politics and it is scholars and politicians who decide how to work in that political environment.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Alexander Wendt Anarchy Theory
Recent theorist, Kenneth Waltz, in his article Neo Realism outlined in his book Theory of International Politics (1979) argues that "the world exists in a state of perpetual international anarchy (the lack of an effective central authority over states) as no state can fully trust any other state or completely understand their policies." Every state in the world seems to be having a hidden agenda of its own, with its national and international priorities to meet and this becomes the basis of mutual suspicion.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Alexander Wendt and Anarchy
Man is only great when he acts from passions; never irresistible but when he appeals to the imagination. Alexander Wendt and his constructivism have been appreciated for the freshness of it. No doubt it is assumed to be a conventional theory, but not entirely so, because he criticises nationalist orthodoxy.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Role of Cooperation in Controlling Anarchy
The research studies go on to show the differences between theories and application of anarchy and cooperation to suggest why and whether this could be the central problem within IR. Cowen and Sutter take on this viewpoint to argue that although collusion requires more cooperation than arbitration, arbitration requires more organization than coordination.
3 pages (1000 words) Essay
Nuclear Family and Matrix Organizational Structure
The nuclear family is a term used to classify a family group that mainly consists of a father, a mother and children. Please note here that the term extended family differs from the idea of a nuclear family. The size of the family can vary in terms of the number of children, but is only limited to a situation where there are only 2 parents i.e one father and one mother.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Structure And Anarchy
t times when formal leadership and structure have been least important, and anarchy and consensus most prevalent. This paper explores the two arguments to evaluate the strengths and limitations of alternative positions on a set of related issues addressing structure,
3 pages (750 words) Essay
What did Alexander Wendt mean by the phrase Anarchy is what states make of it
Man is only great when he acts from passions; never irresistible but when he appeals to the imagination. Alexander Wendt and his constructivism have been appreciated for the freshness of it. No doubt it is assumed to be a conventional theory, but not entirely
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
The Coming Anarchy
This scarcity of natural resources along with overpopulation and destabilizing urban poverty will give rise to conflicts of ethnicity and lead to
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Is Alexander Wendit right that anarchy is what states make of it If so, what are the implications for IR theory
In fact, Wendt is the creator of completely new vision on the present and the future of the international relations in the contemporary global perspective. In addition, he is known as the representative of
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Structure And Anarchy for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us